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Saad, Sawsan; Dandashi, Amal; Aljaam, Jihad M.; Saleh, Moataz – Educational Technology & Society, 2015
A multimedia-based learning system to teach children with intellectual disabilities (ID) the basic living and science concepts is proposed. The tutorials' development is pedagogically based on Mayer's Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning combined with Skinner's Operant Conditioning Model. Two types of tutorials are proposed. In the first type;…
Descriptors: Multimedia Instruction, Mental Retardation, Teaching Methods, Scientific Concepts
Needham, Mick – ProQuest LLC, 2018
Despite an abundance of research on interventions to improve social skills of young children with intellectual disabilities (ID), there is limited research on interventions aimed at improving social skills of adults with ID. The purpose of this single-subject study was to evaluate the outcomes of the Behavioral Opportunities for Social Skills…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Adults, Skill Development, Interpersonal Competence
Krumeich, Kristen L. – ProQuest LLC, 2013
A growing number of students with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are being educated in general education classes, their least restrictive environment. Many middle school students with ASDs have difficulty with academic, social, and communication needs in this type of environment. Over the last 2 decades, researchers have promoted the benefits of…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Video Technology
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Schlinger, Henry D., Jr. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2017
In the present essay, commemorating the 60th anniversary of the publication of B. F. Skinner's "Verbal Behavior", I stand by and defend the judgment I expressed in my article "The Long Goodbye: Why B. F. Skinner's 'Verbal Behavior' Is Alive and Well on the 50th Anniversary of Its Publication" (2008c)--that Skinner's…
Descriptors: Reflection, Verbal Operant Conditioning, Reinforcement, Behavior Modification
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DeSouza, Andresa A.; Akers, Jessica S.; Fisher, Wayne W. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2017
Sundberg and Michael (2011) reviewed the contributions of Skinner's (1957) "Verbal Behavior" to the treatment of language delays in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and discussed several aspects of interventions, including mand training, intraverbal repertoire development, and the importance of using Skinner's taxonomy of…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Language Impairments, Developmental Delays, Autism
Markle, Susan M.; Tiemann, Philip W – Educ Technol, 1970
The authors examine two prominent learning theories, Bruner's cognitive approach and Skinner's operant conditioning approach, hoping to "construct a 'mix' of the two traditions that really has something to say to educational practitioners. (Authors/LS)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Concept Formation, Learning Theories, Models
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Sundberg, Mark L. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2017
Jack Michael offered a course on verbal behavior almost every year throughout his teaching career. Jack was also interested in the application of Skinner's work and in 1976 began to offer a graduate course at Western Michigan University titled Verbal Behavior Applications. Jack and his students pursued the application of Skinner's work on verbal…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Verbal Operant Conditioning, Behavior Theories, Reinforcement
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da F. Passos, Maria de Lourdes R. – Behavior Analyst, 2012
Skinner's definition of verbal behavior, with its brief and refined versions, has recently become a point of controversy among behavior analysts. Some of the arguments presented in this controversy might be based on a misreading of Skinner's (1957a) writings. An examination of Skinner's correspondence with editors of scientific journals shows his…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Functional Behavioral Assessment, Behavioral Science Research, Definitions
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Witts, Benjamin N.; Arief, Icha; Hutter, Emily – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2016
Learning Skinner's (1957) verbal behavior taxonomy requires extensive study and practice. Thus, novel classroom exercises might serve this goal. The present manuscript describes a classroom exercise in which two students analyzed Lady Gaga's song "Applause" in terms of its metaphorical arrangements. Through the exercise, students…
Descriptors: Class Activities, Verbal Communication, Taxonomy, Singing
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Plavnick, Joshua B.; Vitale, Frances A. – Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2016
Based on Skinner's classification of verbal behavior, the mand is the first and most advantageous verbal operant to develop. Deficits in vocal mand repertoires are common in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and can lead to decreased social interaction and increased problem behavior. The present investigation compared the effects of…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Verbal Operant Conditioning, Young Children
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Esch, Barbara E.; Esch, John W.; Palmer, David C. – Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2017
When the B. F. Skinner Foundation reprinted Skinner's "Verbal Behavior" in 1992, Jack Michael wrote one of its two forewords, a detailed outline of the book's purpose and scope. On the 60th anniversary of the first publication (1957) of "Verbal Behavior", Jack reflects on the book's impact and its importance to the…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Language Usage, Operant Conditioning, Language Acquisition
Grow, Laura L.; Kodak, Tiffany – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2010
Previous research on the acquisition of verbal behavior in children with developmental disabilities has focused on teaching four primary verbal operants: (1) "mand"; (2) "tact"; (3) "echoic"; and (4) "intraverbal". In Skinner's (1957) analysis of verbal behavior, he stated that each verbal operant is maintained by unique antecedent and consequence…
Descriptors: Verbal Stimuli, Developmental Disabilities, Verbal Operant Conditioning, Children
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Finn, Heather E.; Miguel, Caio F.; Ahearn, William H. – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 2012
Despite Skinner's (1957) assertion that verbal operants are initially functionally independent, recent studies have suggested that in some cases the acquisition of one verbal operant (e.g., mand) gives rise to the other (e.g., tact) without explicit training. The present study aimed to evaluate the functional independence of mands and tacts during…
Descriptors: Autism, Young Children, Verbal Operant Conditioning, Scores
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Johnson, Gaige; Kohler, Kelly; Ross, Denise – Early Child Development and Care, 2017
The purpose of the current paper is to describe the impact of applied behaviour analysis on language treatment for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) diagnoses. Specifically, this paper will describe Skinner's theory of verbal behaviour and its contributions to evidence-based treatments for communication deficits among individuals with…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Verbal Communication, Children
Alexander, Ronald G. – 1976
The first part of this paper is devoted to a review and criticism of B.F. Skinner's identification of moral or ethical principles with positive negative reinforcers. The second part is devoted to defending the thesis that behaviorists as scientists are not morally neutral as F.H. Kanfer claims. This paper seeks to determine which set of moral…
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Behavior Theories, Counselor Attitudes, Criteria
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