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ERIC Number: EJ750141
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Pages: 13
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 15
ISSN: ISSN-0033-2933
An Experimental Analysis of Another Privacy
Okouchi, Hiroto
Psychological Record, v56 n2 p245 Spr 2006
The present article discusses how events outside a subject's skin and not accessible to another subject but to an experimenter may contribute to experimental analyses of private events. Of 16 undergraduates, 8, referred to as instructors, first learned conditional discriminations (i.e., B1C1, B2C2, B3C3, and B4C4) in a standard matching-to-sample (MTS) task with the stimuli Bs as the samples and the stimuli Cs as the correct comparisons. Then the other 8 subjects, learners, were exposed to modified MTS trials in which responses of the learners were reinforced or punished not by the experimenter but by the instructors. Conditional discriminations to be established were A1C1, A2C2, A3C3, and A4C4, in which the sample stimuli As were presented simultaneously with the stimuli Bs so that the instructors could not see the As but only the Bs. For 2 of the 8 pairs, the learners learned the AC conditional discriminations from the instructors who were not accessible to the stimuli As. Functionally, private events have been defined by their accessibility rather than their structure (e.g., Skinner, 1953). In this context, therefore, the stimuli As may be characterized as a kind of private events within the present 2 pairs of instructors and learners. (Contains 1 table and 3 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A