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ERIC Number: EJ1172513
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 96
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1547-5441
Visual Sonority Modulates Infants' Attraction to Sign Language
Stone, Adam; Petitto, Laura-Ann; Bosworth, Rain
Language Learning and Development, v14 n2 p130-148 2018
The infant brain may be predisposed to identify perceptually salient cues that are common to both signed and spoken languages. Recent theory based on spoken languages has advanced sonority as one of these potential language acquisition cues. Using a preferential looking paradigm with an infrared eye tracker, we explored visual attention of hearing 6- and 12-month-olds with no sign language experience as they watched fingerspelling stimuli that either conformed to high sonority (well-formed) or low sonority (ill-formed) values, which are relevant to syllabic structure in signed language. Younger babies showed highly significant looking preferences for well-formed, high sonority fingerspelling, while older babies showed no preference for either fingerspelling variant, despite showing a strong preference in a control condition. The present findings suggest babies possess a sensitivity to specific sonority-based contrastive cues at the core of human language structure that is subject to perceptual narrowing, irrespective of language modality (visual or auditory), shedding new light on universals of early language learning.
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF); Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH); National Eye Institute (NEI)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California (San Diego)
Grant or Contract Numbers: SBE1041725|F31HD087085|R01EY024623