ERIC Number: EJ1167975
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Inhibitory Control in Siblings Discordant for Exposure to Maternal Smoking during Pregnancy
Micalizzi, Lauren; Marceau, Kristine; Brick, Leslie A.; Palmer, Rohan H.; Todorov, Alexandre A.; Heath, Andrew C.; Evans, Allison; Knopik, Valerie S.
Developmental Psychology, v54 n2 p199-208 Feb 2018
Maternal smoking during pregnancy (SDP) has been linked to poorer offspring executive function across development, but SDP does not occur independent of other familial risk factors. As such, poor and inconsistent control for potential confounds, notably shared familial (i.e., genetic and environmental) confounds, preclude concluding causal effects of SDP on child outcomes. We examined the within-family association between SDP and one component of executive function, inhibitory control, in a sample of families (N = 173) specifically selected for sibling pairs discordant for exposure to SDP. Thus, the present study examines if the SDP-inhibitory control association withstands rigorous control for potential child and familial confounds. 79% of the variation in child inhibitory control was attributable to within-family differences and 21% was attributable to differences between families, indicating that the variability in inhibitory control was primarily a function of differences between siblings rather than differences across families. Further, the association between SDP and inhibitory control was fully attenuated when confounds were considered. These findings suggest that co-occurring vulnerabilities act as more salient risk factors for poorer child inhibitory control than SDP and may serve as effective targets of interventions seeking to improve children's inhibitory control in families with nicotine dependent mothers.
Descriptors: Mothers, Smoking, Pregnancy, Executive Function, Child Development, Risk, Genetics, Environmental Influences, Family Influence, Inhibition, Self Control, Behavior Problems, Siblings, Family Characteristics, Interviews, Individual Characteristics, Statistical Analysis, Parent Background, Educational Attainment, Socioeconomic Status
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.apa.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Missouri
Grant or Contract Numbers: DA023134|DA17671|DA039288|AA007728|AA009022|AA011998|HD049024|AA017688|AA021492|AA023487|MH083823|DA016184|MH019927