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Peng, Peng; Fuchs, Douglas – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
Children with learning difficulties suffer from working memory (WM) deficits. Yet the specificity of deficits associated with different types of learning difficulties remains unclear. Further research can contribute to our understanding of the nature of WM and the relationship between it and learning difficulties. The current meta-analysis…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Short Term Memory, Meta Analysis, Verbal Ability
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Greneche, Jerome; Krieger, Jean; Bertrand, Frederic; Erhardt, Christine; Maumy, Myriam; Tassi, Patricia – Brain and Cognition, 2011
Both working and immediate memories were assessed every 4 h by specific short-term memory tasks over sustained wakefulness in 12 patients with obstructive sleep apnea and hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and 10 healthy controls. Results indicated that OSAHS patients exhibited lower working memory performances than controls on both backward digit span and…
Descriptors: Patients, Short Term Memory, Information Processing, Disabilities
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Melby-Lervag, Monica; Hulme, Charles – Developmental Psychology, 2013
It has been suggested that working memory training programs are effective both as treatments for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and other cognitive disorders in children and as a tool to improve cognitive ability and scholastic attainment in typically developing children and adults. However, effects across studies appear to be…
Descriptors: Verbal Ability, Cognitive Ability, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Age Differences
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McArthur, Genevieve; Castles, Anne – Journal of Research in Reading, 2013
The aim of this study was to determine if phonological processing deficits in specific reading disability (SRD) and specific language impairment (SLI) are the same or different. In four separate analyses, a different combination of reading and spoken language measures was used to divide 73 children into three subgroups: poor readers with average…
Descriptors: Phonology, Language Impairments, Language Processing, Reading Difficulties
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Bolden, Jennifer; Rapport, Mark D.; Raiker, Joseph S.; Sarver, Dustin E.; Kofler, Michael J. – Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2012
The current study dissociated and examined the two primary components of the phonological working memory subsystem--the short-term store and articulatory rehearsal mechanism--in boys with ADHD (n = 18) relative to typically developing boys (n = 15). Word lists of increasing length (2, 4, and 6 words per trial) were presented to and recalled by…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Intervals, Word Lists, Short Term Memory
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Dige, Niels; Maahr, Eija; Backenroth-Ohsako, Gunnel – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2010
Objective: To evaluate whether a dichotic memory test would reveal deficits in short-term working-memory recall and long-term memory recall in a group of adult patients with ADHD. Methods: A dichotic memory test with ipsilateral backward speech distraction in an adult ADHD group (n = 69) and a control group (n = 66) is used to compare performance…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Patients, Long Term Memory
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Menard, Marie-Claude; Belleville, Sylvie – Brain and Cognition, 2009
Musical memory was tested in Alzheimer patients and in healthy older adults using long-term and short-term memory tasks. Long-term memory (LTM) was tested with a recognition procedure using unfamiliar melodies. Short-term memory (STM) was evaluated with same/different judgment tasks on short series of notes. Musical memory was compared to verbal…
Descriptors: Alzheimers Disease, Patients, Control Groups, Older Adults
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Passolunghi, Maria Chiara – International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 2011
Emotional and cognitive factors were examined in 18 children with mathematical learning disabilities (MLD), compared with 18 normally achieving children, matched for chronological age, school level, gender and verbal IQ. Working memory, short-term memory, inhibitory processes, speed of processing and level of anxiety in mathematics were assessed…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Short Term Memory, Cognitive Processes, Anxiety
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van Viersen, Sietske; Kroesbergen, Evelyn H.; Slot, Esther M.; de Bree, Elise H. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
This study investigated how gifted children with dyslexia might be able to mask literacy problems and the role of possible compensatory mechanisms. The sample consisted of 121 Dutch primary school children that were divided over four groups (typically developing [TD] children, children with dyslexia, gifted children, gifted children with…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Academically Gifted, Reading Skills, Elementary School Students
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Brankaer, Carmen; Ghesquière, Pol; De Wel, Anke; Swillen, Ann; De Smedt, Bert – Developmental Science, 2017
Cross-syndrome comparisons offer an important window onto understanding heterogeneity in mathematical learning disabilities or dyscalculia. The present study therefore investigated symbolic numerical magnitude processing in two genetic syndromes that are both characterized by mathematical learning disabilities: Turner syndrome and 22q11.2 deletion…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Learning Disabilities, Genetic Disorders, Cognitive Processes
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Child, Amanda E.; Cirino, Paul T.; Fletcher, Jack M.; Willcutt, Erik G.; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
Disorders of reading, math, and attention frequently co-occur in children. However, it is not yet clear which cognitive factors contribute to comorbidities among multiple disorders and which uniquely relate to one, especially because they have rarely been studied as a triad. Thus, the present study considers how reading, math, and attention relate…
Descriptors: Attention, Short Term Memory, Predictor Variables, Phonological Awareness
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Jefferies, Elizabeth; Grogan, John; Mapelli, Cristina; Isella, Valeria – Neuropsychologia, 2012
Patients with semantic dementia (SD) show deficits in phoneme binding in immediate serial recall: when attempting to reproduce a sequence of words that they no longer fully understand, they show frequent migrations of phonemes between items (e.g., cap, frog recalled as "frap, cog"). This suggests that verbal short-term memory emerges directly from…
Descriptors: Speech, Phonemes, Semantics, Dementia
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Georgiou, George K.; Das, J. P. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2015
The present study aimed to examine the nature of the working memory and general cognitive ability deficits experienced by university students with a specific reading comprehension deficit. A total of 32 university students with poor reading comprehension but average word-reading skills and 60 age-word-matched controls with no comprehension…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, College Students, Reading Difficulties, Short Term Memory
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Penke, Martina; Rothweiler, Monika – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2018
The study aims at identifying characteristic phenotypes for children with SLI and children with sensorineural hearing impairment (HI) in language and in domains associated with language. We focus on verbal agreement inflection and phonological short-term memory, phenomena that have been repeatedly found to be impaired in both groups of children. A…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Language Impairments, Hearing Impairments, German
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Chaimaha, Napalai; Sriphetcharawut, Sarinya; Lersilp, Suchitporn; Chinchai, Supaporn – Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools & Early Intervention, 2017
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of therapeutic programs, an executive function training program and a collaborative program, for students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with executive function deficits (EFDs), especially regarding working memory, planning, and monitoring. The participants were…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Outcomes of Treatment, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Executive Function
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