ERIC Number: EJ1070913
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Abstractor: As Provided
University Students with Poor Reading Comprehension
Georgiou, George K.; Das, J. P.
Journal of Learning Disabilities, v48 n5 p535-545 Sep-Oct 2015
The present study aimed to examine the nature of the working memory and general cognitive ability deficits experienced by university students with a specific reading comprehension deficit. A total of 32 university students with poor reading comprehension but average word-reading skills and 60 age-word-matched controls with no comprehension difficulties participated in the study. The participants were assessed on three verbal working memory tasks that varied in terms of their processing demands and on the "Das-Naglieri Cognitive Assessment System," which was used to operationalize intelligence. The results indicated first that the differences between poor and skilled comprehenders on working memory were amplified as the processing demands of the tasks increased. In addition, although poor comprehenders as a group had average intelligence, they experienced significant difficulties in simultaneous and successive processing. Considering that working memory and general cognitive ability are highly correlated processes, these findings suggest that the observed differences between poor and skilled comprehenders are likely a result of a deficient information processing system.
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, College Students, Reading Difficulties, Short Term Memory, Cognitive Ability, Reading Skills, Word Study Skills, Matched Groups, Control Groups, Word Processing, Intelligence Tests, Reading Fluency, Reading Tests, Cognitive Processes, Scoring, Comparative Analysis, Reading Diagnosis, Foreign Countries, Children, Multivariate Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Cognitive Assessment System; Nelson Denny Reading Tests; Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children