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Peters, Frederic; Majerus, Steve; De Baerdemaeker, Julie; Salmon, Eric; Collette, Fabienne – Neuropsychologia, 2009
A decrease in verbal short-term memory (STM) capacity is consistently observed in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although this impairment has been mainly attributed to attentional deficits during encoding and maintenance, the progressive deterioration of semantic knowledge in early stages of AD may also be an important determinant of poor…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Semantics, Alzheimers Disease, Word Lists
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Messer, Marielle H.; Leseman, Paul P. M.; Boom, Jan; Mayo, Aziza Y. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2010
The current study examined to what extent information in long-term memory concerning the distribution of phoneme clusters in a language, so-called long-term phonotactic knowledge, increased the capacity of verbal short-term memory in young language learners and, through increased verbal short-term memory capacity, supported these children's first…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Monolingualism, Long Term Memory, Vocabulary Development
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Richardson, Fiona M.; Ramsden, Sue; Ellis, Caroline; Burnett, Stephanie; Megnin, Odette; Catmur, Caroline; Schofield, Tom M.; Leff, Alex P.; Price, Cathy J. – Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2011
A central feature of auditory STM is its item-limited processing capacity. We investigated whether auditory STM capacity correlated with regional gray and white matter in the structural MRI images from 74 healthy adults, 40 of whom had a prior diagnosis of developmental dyslexia whereas 34 had no history of any cognitive impairment. Using…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Auditory Perception, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Dyslexia
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Matthias, Ellen; Bublak, Peter; Muller, Hermann J.; Schneider, Werner X.; Krummenacher, Joseph; Finke, Kathrin – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 2010
Three experiments investigated whether spatial and nonspatial components of visual attention would be influenced by changes in (healthy, young) subjects' level of alertness and whether such effects on separable components would occur independently of each other. The experiments used a no-cue/alerting-cue design with varying cue-target stimulus…
Descriptors: Visual Stimuli, Information Processing, Cognitive Processes, Attention
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Safar, Anna; Kormos, Judit – International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching (IRAL), 2008
This study investigated three of the issues recently raised in connection with the traditional concept of foreign language aptitude: the relationship between foreign language aptitude and working memory and phonological short-term memory capacity, the role of foreign language aptitude in predicting success in the framework of focus-on-form foreign…
Descriptors: Second Languages, Short Term Memory, Learning Experience, Language Aptitude
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Sapkota, Raju P.; Pardhan, Shahina; van der Linde, Ian – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2016
Visual short-term memory (VSTM) is a limited-capacity system that holds a small number of objects online simultaneously, implying that competition for limited storage resources occurs (Phillips, 1974). How the spatial and temporal proximity of stimuli affects this competition is unclear. In this 2-experiment study, we examined the effect of the…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Visual Perception, Proximity, Spatial Ability
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Martinez, Kenia; Burgaleta, Miguel; Roman, Francisco J.; Escorial, Sergio; Shih, Pei Chun; Quiroga, Ma. Angeles; Colom, Roberto – Intelligence, 2011
Much is written regarding the associations between human intelligence and cognition. However, it is unusual to find comprehensive studies. Here twenty four measures tapping eight cognitive abilities and skills are considered for assessing a sample of one hundred and eighty five young adults. The simultaneous relationships among fluid,…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Intelligence, Cognitive Ability, Young Adults
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Loucas, Tom; Riches, Nick Greatorex; Charman, Tony; Pickles, Andrew; Simonoff, Emily; Chandler, Susie; Baird, Gillian – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2010
Background: The cognitive bases of language impairment in specific language impairment (SLI) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) were investigated in a novel non-word comparison task which manipulated phonological short-term memory (PSTM) and speech perception, both implicated in poor non-word repetition. Aims: This study aimed to investigate the…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Reaction Time, Autism, Language Impairments
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Imbo, Ineke; Vandierendonck, Andre – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2007
The current study tested the development of working memory involvement in children's arithmetic strategy selection and strategy efficiency. To this end, an experiment in which the dual-task method and the choice/no-choice method were combined was administered to 10- to 12-year-olds. Working memory was needed in retrieval, transformation, and…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Arithmetic, Short Term Memory, Mathematics Anxiety
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Raine, Adrian; And Others – Child Development, 1991
Children with speech disorders had lower short-term memory capacity and smaller word length effect than control children. Children with speech disorders also had reduced speech-motor activity during rehearsal. Results suggest that speech rate may be a causal determinant of verbal short-term memory capacity. (BC)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Children, Cognitive Ability, Encoding (Psychology)
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Lecas, Jean-Francois; Mazaud, Anne-Marie; Reibel, Esther; Rey, Arnaud – Child Language Teaching and Therapy, 2011
It has been frequently reported that children with Down syndrome have deficits in verbal short-term memory while having relatively good performance in visual short-term memory tasks. Such verbal deficits have a detrimental effect on various high-level cognitive processes, most notably language comprehension. In this study, we report the case of an…
Descriptors: Comprehension, Down Syndrome, Short Term Memory, Cognitive Processes
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van Daal, John; Verhoeven, Ludo; van Balkom, Hans – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2009
Background: Language development is generally viewed as a multifactorial process. There are increasing indications that this similarly holds for the problematic language development process. Aims: A population of 97 young Dutch children with specific language impairment (SLI) was followed over a 2-year period to provide additional evidence for the…
Descriptors: Speech Impairments, Phonology, Semantics, Syntax
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Choi, Sangsook; Lotto, Andrew; Lewis, Dawna; Hoover, Brenda; Stelmachowicz, Patricia – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2008
Purpose: This study investigated an account of limited short-term memory capacity for children's speech perception in noise using a dual-task paradigm. Method: Sixty-four normal-hearing children (7-14 years of age) participated in this study. Dual tasks were repeating monosyllabic words presented in noise at 8 dB signal-to-noise ratio and…
Descriptors: Word Recognition, Short Term Memory, Children, Early Adolescents
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Sidiropoulos, Kyriakos; de Bleser, Ria; Ackermann, Hermann; Preilowski, Bruno – Neuropsychologia, 2008
At the level of clinical speech/language evaluation, the repetition type of conduction aphasia is characterized by repetition difficulties concomitant with reduced short-term memory capacities, in the presence of fluent spontaneous speech as well as unimpaired naming and reading abilities. It is still unsettled which dysfunctions of the…
Descriptors: Speech, Psycholinguistics, Phonemes, Aphasia
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Gamlin, Peter J. – Language and Speech, 1971
Examines the effects of short term memory (STM) capacity, meaningfulness of stimuli, and age upon listeners' structuring of sentences. Results show that the interaction between STM capacity and meaningfulness (1) approached significance when data were collapsed over both age levels, and (2) was significant for one age level. Tables and references.…
Descriptors: Age, Ambiguity, Deep Structure, Linguistic Competence
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