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Jackson, Emily; Leitão, Suze; Claessen, Mary; Boyes, Mark – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: Previous research into the working, declarative, and procedural memory systems in children with developmental language disorder (DLD) has yielded inconsistent results. The purpose of this research was to profile these memory systems in children with DLD and their typically developing peers. Method: One hundred four 5- to 8-year-old…
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Short Term Memory, Profiles, Visual Perception
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Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Cho, Jeung-Ryeul; Park, Soon-Gil – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
We examined the relations of short-term memory (STM), metalinguistic awareness (phonological, morphological, and orthographic awareness), and rapid automatized naming (RAN) to word reading in Korean, a language with a relatively transparent orthography. STM, metalinguistic awareness, and RAN have been shown to be important to word reading, but the…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Metalinguistics, Phonological Awareness, Morphology (Languages)
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Majerus, S.; Barisnikov, K. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2018
Background: Verbal short-term memory (STM) capacity has been considered to support vocabulary learning in typical children and adults, but evidence for this link is inconsistent for studies in individuals with Down syndrome (DS). The aim of this study was explore the role of processing demands on the association between verbal STM and vocabulary…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Down Syndrome, Receptive Language, Expressive Language
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Gau, Susan Shur-Fen; Chiang, Huey-Ling – Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2013
Deficits in short-term memory are common in adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but their current ADHD symptoms cannot well predict their short-term performance. Taking a developmental perspective, we wanted to clarify the association between ADHD symptoms at early childhood and short-term memory in late childhood and…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Measures (Individuals), Severity (of Disability), Data Analysis
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Ohl, Sven; Rolfs, Martin – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
Visual short-term memory (VSTM) is a crucial repository of information when events unfold rapidly before our eyes, yet it maintains only a fraction of the sensory information encoded by the visual system. Here, we tested the hypothesis that saccadic eye movements provide a natural bottleneck for the transition of fragile content in sensory memory…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Short Term Memory, Eye Movements, Hypothesis Testing
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Stokes, Stephanie F.; Klee, Thomas; Kornisch, Myriam; Furlong, Lisa – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2017
Background: Recent studies indicate that school-age children's patterns of performance on measures of verbal and visuospatial short-term memory (STM) and working memory (WM) differ across types of neurodevelopmental disorders. Because these disorders are often characterized by early language delay, administering STM and WM tests to toddlers could…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Short Term Memory, Preschool Children, Toddlers
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Low, Justin; Keith, Timothy – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2015
The purpose of this research was to determine the influence of two subcomponents of auditory short-term memory on the developmental trajectories of behavior problems. The sample included 7,058 children from the NLSY79--Children and Young Adult survey between the ages 5 and 14 years. Results suggested that anxious/depressed behavior increases…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Short Term Memory, Antisocial Behavior, Auditory Stimuli
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Georgiadou, Effrosyni; Roehr-Brackin, Karen – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2017
This paper reports the findings of a study investigating the relationship of executive working memory (WM) and phonological short-term memory (PSTM) to fluency and self-repair behavior during an unrehearsed oral task performed by second language (L2) speakers of English at two levels of proficiency, elementary and lower intermediate. Correlational…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Second Language Learning, Error Correction, Speech Communication
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Sarver, Dustin E.; Rapport, Mark D.; Kofler, Michael J.; Scanlan, Sean W.; Raiker, Joseph S.; Altro, Thomas A.; Bolden, Jennifer – Learning and Individual Differences, 2012
The current study examined individual differences in children's phonological and visuospatial short-term memory as potential mediators of the relationship among attention problems and near- and long-term scholastic achievement. Nested structural equation models revealed that teacher-reported attention problems were associated negatively with…
Descriptors: Remedial Programs, Structural Equation Models, Academic Failure, Academic Achievement
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Marini, Andrea; Eliseeva, Nadezda; Fabbro, Franco – International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 2019
The present study aimed at investigating whether L2 learning affects phonological short-term and working memory and first language (L1) development. The performance of a group of 31 4- to-5-year-old sequential bilinguals attending an International School on tasks assessing phonological short-term and working memory and linguistic performance in L1…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Short Term Memory, Phonology, Cognitive Development
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Marshall, Chloë – First Language, 2020
The research studies presented in this special issue rest on two assumptions: firstly, that limitations in verbal short-term memory and verbal working memory (vSTM/WM) capacity are likely to be related to impairments in syntax, and secondly that this relationship is likely to be causal, with impairments in vSTM/WM causing impairments in syntax. In…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Syntax, Developmental Disabilities, Children
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Salis, Christos; Kelly, Helen; Code, Chris – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2015
Background: Aphasia following stroke refers to impairments that affect the comprehension and expression of spoken and/or written language, and co-occurring cognitive deficits are common. In this paper we focus on short-term and working memory impairments that impact on the ability to retain and manipulate auditory-verbal information. Evidence from…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Short Term Memory, Language Impairments, Clinical Diagnosis
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de Bree, Elise; Zee, Marjolein – First Language, 2021
Listening comprehension is important for daily communication and at school, yet relatively little is known about the variables contributing to listening comprehension, especially in the upper elementary years. The aim of this study was to explore whether vocabulary, verbal memory, but also self-efficacy and self-reported concentration contribute…
Descriptors: Verbal Ability, Listening Comprehension, Vocabulary Skills, Self Efficacy
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Biedron, Adriana; Szczepaniak, Anna – Modern Language Journal, 2012
The role of short-term memory and working memory in accomplished multilinguals was investigated. Twenty-eight accomplished multilinguals were compared to 36 mainstream philology students. The following instruments were used in the study: three memory subtests of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale (Digit Span, Digit-Symbol Coding, and Arithmetic,…
Descriptors: Linguistics, Multilingualism, Intelligence Quotient, Aptitude Tests
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Van der Molen, M. J.; Henry, L. A.; Van Luit, J. E. H. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2014
Background: The purpose of the current cross-sectional study was to examine the developmental progression in working memory (WM) between the ages of 9 and 16 years in a large sample of children with mild to borderline intellectual disabilities (MBID). Baddeley's influential WM model was used as a theoretical framework. Furthermore, the…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Mild Mental Retardation, Moderate Mental Retardation, Children
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