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Ordonez Magro, Laura; Majerus, Steve; Attout, Lucie; Poncelet, Martine; Smalle, Eleonore H. M.; Szmalec, Arnaud – Developmental Psychology, 2020
There is increasing evidence for an association between both serial order short-term memory (STM) and the long-term learning (LTL) of serial order information and reading abilities. In this developmental study, we examined the hypothesis that STM for serial order supports online grapheme-to-phoneme conversion processes during the initial stages of…
Descriptors: Serial Ordering, Short Term Memory, Reading Ability, Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence
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Remaud, Jessica; Ceccom, Johnatan; Carponcy, Julien; Dugué, Laura; Menchon, Gregory; Pech, Stéphane; Halley, Helene; Francés, Bernard; Dahan, Lionel – Learning & Memory, 2014
Protein synthesis is involved in the consolidation of short-term memory into long-term memory. Previous electrophysiological data concerning LTP in CA3 suggest that protein synthesis in that region might also be necessary for short-term memory. We tested this hypothesis by locally injecting the protein synthesis inhibitor anisomycin in hippocampal…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Long Term Memory, Physiology, Hypothesis Testing
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Penke, Martina; Wimmer, Eva – First Language, 2020
In individuals with Down syndrome (DS) deficits in verbal short-term memory (VSTM) and deficits in sentence comprehension co-occur, suggesting that deficits in VSTM might be causal for the deficits in sentence comprehension. The present study aims to explore the presumed relationship between VSTM and sentence comprehension in individuals with DS…
Descriptors: Sentences, Language Processing, German, Native Language
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Maleki Shahmahmood, Toktam; Soleymani, Zahra; Kazemi, Yalda; Haresabadi, Fatemeh; Eghbal, Negar; Kazemi, Homa; Amin, Somayeh – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2020
The deficit in verbal working memory (vWM) skills has been frequently reported in children with developmental language disorder (DLD) and may contribute to their problems in language. This study aimed to compare the phonological short-term memory (pSTM) and linguistic skills between Persian-speaking children with DLD and typical language…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Children, Language Impairments, Developmental Disabilities
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Liu, Hsiu Tan; Squires, Bonita; Liu, Chun Jung – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2016
We can gain a better understanding of short-term memory processes by studying different language codes and modalities. Three experiments were conducted to investigate: (a) Taiwanese Sign Language (TSL) digit spans in Chinese/TSL hearing bilinguals (n = 32); (b) American Sign Language (ASL) digit spans in English/ASL hearing bilinguals (n = 15);…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Bilingual Students, Bilingual Education, Adults
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Stavroussi, Panayiota; Andreou, Georgia; Karagiannopoulou, Dimitra – International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 2016
The purpose of this study was to examine verbal fluency and verbal short-term memory in 12 adults with Down syndrome (DS) and 12 adults with Intellectual Disability (ID) of unspecified origin, matched for receptive vocabulary and chronological age. Participants' performance was assessed on two conditions of a verbal fluency test, namely, semantic…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Verbal Communication, Language Skills, Down Syndrome
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Burns, Matthew K.; Davidson, Katherine; Zaslofsky, Anne F.; Parker, David C.; Maki, Kathrin E. – Assessment for Effective Intervention, 2018
The amount of information that students successfully learn and later recall from each intervention session is limited and is called the acquisition rate (AR). Research has consistently supported the effects of modifying intervention set sizes with AR data, but research with AR is in its infancy. The current study compared the relationship between…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Reading Skills, Language Acquisition, Aptitude Treatment Interaction
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Manga, Annamária; Madurka, Petra; Vakli, Pál; Kirwan, C. Brock; Vidnyánszky, Zoltán – Learning & Memory, 2021
Binding visual features into coherent object representations is essential both in short- and long-term memory. However, the relationship between feature binding processes at different memory delays remains unexplored. Here, we addressed this question by using the Mnemonic Similarity Task and a delayed-estimation working memory task on a large…
Descriptors: Long Term Memory, Short Term Memory, Mnemonics, Older Adults
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Yanaoka, Kaichi; Nakayama, Masataka; Jarrold, Christopher; Saito, Satoru – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
The Hebb repetition paradigm has recently attracted attention as a measure of serial order learning, which underlies word-form learning abilities. Although children are good vocabulary learners, it is surprising that previous Hebb learning studies with young children show rather weak Hebb effects. In this study, we conducted two experiments to…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Repetition, Phonology, Vocabulary Development
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Savill, Nicola; Cornelissen, Piers; Whiteley, Junior; Woollams, Anna; Jefferies, Elizabeth – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
According to contemporary accounts, linguistic behavior reflects the interaction of distinct representations supporting word meaning and phonology. However, there is controversy about the extent to which this interaction occurs within task-specific systems, specialized for reading and short-term memory (STM), as opposed to between components that…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Short Term Memory, Semantics, Language Processing
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Marsh, John E.; Yang, Jingqi; Qualter, Pamela; Richardson, Cassandra; Perham, Nick; Vachon, François; Hughes, Robert W. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Task-irrelevant speech impairs short-term serial recall appreciably. On the interference-by-process account, the processing of physical (i.e., precategorical) changes in speech yields order cues that conflict with the serial-ordering process deployed to perform the serial recall task. In this view, the postcategorical properties (e.g., phonology,…
Descriptors: Auditory Perception, Task Analysis, Serial Ordering, Recall (Psychology)
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Quinlan, Philip T.; Cohen, Dale J. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2016
We conducted a series of recognition experiments that assessed whether visual short-term memory (VSTM) is sensitive to shared category membership of to-be-remembered (tbr) images of common objects. In Experiment 1 some of the tbr items shared the same basic level category (e.g., hand axe): Such items were no better retained than others. In the…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Visual Perception, Foreign Countries, College Students
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Hachmann, Wibke M.; Bogaerts, Louisa; Szmalec, Arnaud; Woumans, Evy; Duyck, Wouter; Job, Remo – Annals of Dyslexia, 2014
Recent findings suggest that people with dyslexia experience difficulties with the learning of serial order information during the transition from short-to long-term memory (Szmalec et al. "Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition" 37(5): 1270-1279, 2011). At the same time, models of short-term memory…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Short Term Memory, Serial Ordering, Adults
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Loutrari, Ariadne; Tselekidou, Freideriki; Proios, Hariklia – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2018
Prosodic patterns of speech appear to make a critical contribution to memory-related processing. We considered the case of a previously unexplored prosodic feature of Greek storytelling and its effect on free recall in thirty typically developing children between the ages of 10 and 12 years, using short ecologically valid auditory stimuli. The…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Greek, Story Telling, Preadolescents
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Alduais, Ahmed Mohammed Saleh; Almukhaizeem, Yasir Saad – Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 2015
Purpose: To see if there is a correlation between interference and short-term memory recall and to examine interference as a factor affecting memory recalling of Arabic and abstract words through free, cued, and serial recall tasks. Method: Four groups of undergraduates in King Saud University, Saudi Arabia participated in this study. The first…
Descriptors: Semitic Languages, Interference (Learning), Recall (Psychology), Short Term Memory
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