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Millard, Richard J. – Teaching of Psychology, 1983
Describes a college course for both men and women that investigates issues related to women in business, e.g., sex roles in organizations, leadership theories, sexual stereotypes, support networks, and equal employment opportunity guidelines. Activities and course requirements are discussed. (CS)
Descriptors: Administrator Education, Course Descriptions, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Females
Salomone, Rosemary C. – 2003
This book presents an argument for supporting single-sex education. It examines the history and politics of gender and schooling; philosophical and psychological theories of sameness and differences; findings on educational achievement and performance; research evidence on single-sex schooling; and the legal questions that arise from single-sex…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Access to Education, Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education
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Mabry, Edward A. – Small Group Behavior, 1989
Analyzed contrasting assumptions of three theoretical orientations used to explain mixed-sex small group interaction through observation of two mixed-sex, human relations training groups of undergraduate students (N=45). Found no support for sex-role differentiation or adaptation orientations but did find support for role-status expectation…
Descriptors: Females, Group Behavior, Group Dynamics, Higher Education
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Love, Ann Marie; Deckers, Lambert H. – Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 1989
Examines the relationship between the rated sex, aggression, and sexism values of cartoons and their perceived funniness. Results, interpreted by Zillmann's social predisposition theory, indicated response differentiation by sex. (MW)
Descriptors: Aggression, Cartoons, Correlation, Humor
This book on sex role stereotyping in the schools is divided into two parts. Part One concerns the school and the classroom, and addresses such topics as sexist language, biased textbooks, educational guidance, sex roles, politics, athletics, the counselor's challenge, and the curriculum. Part Two concerns the school and the community, and…
Descriptors: Bias, Classroom Environment, Counselor Role, Curriculum
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Fuehrer, Ann; Schilling, Karen Maitland – Journal of Social Issues, 1985
Recent developmental theories of sex differences in the valuing of social relatinships and individual achievement help in understanding the nature of sex discrimination in educational institutions. These theories also help to identify ways in which such discrimination may be eliminated. (GC)
Descriptors: Cultural Influences, Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education
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Safir, Marilyn P. – Sex Roles, 1986
Contrasts results of studies examining sex differences in intellectual functioning in the U.S. and Israel, in cities and on Kibbutzes. Findings indicate cross-cultural and intracultural influences challenge validity of theories that suggest a biological basis for sex differences in intellectual abilities. (SA)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cognitive Development, Cultural Images, Elementary Secondary Education
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Massey, David R.; Christensen, Carol A. – Educational Studies, 1990
Examines 461 Queensland, Australia, teacher education students' attitudes concerning sex role stereotypes and gender equity. Chi-square analyses produced significant effects for gender, showing females more egalitarian. Considers attitudes resistant to change, instances where self-interest may influence attitudes, and theory and practice…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Females, Feminism
Chaffin, Roger; And Others – 1983
Gender schema theory predicts that sex-typed people are more likely than non-sex-typed people to invoke gender in processing information. This was tested in a covert semantic classification task in which male and female college students selected "and" or "but" to conjoin pairs of personality traits from the Bem Sex Role…
Descriptors: College Students, Language Processing, Language Usage, Personality Traits
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Schau, Candace Garrett; Scott, Kathryn P. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1984
The results of synthesizing 40 studies regarding the effects of gender characteristics of instructional materials on students indicate that sex-equitable materials can improve both male and female students' learning experiences and assist in developing gender-balanced associations and more flexible sex role attitudes. Effects on preference and…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Instructional Materials, Language Usage
Warfel, Katherine Ann – 1983
A study examined S.L. Bem's Gender Schema Theory as it relates to communicator style. It was hypothesized that (1) speakers using a "powerless" speech style would be perceived less positively than would "powerful" speakers, and (2) sex-typed subjects, that is, those who adhere to a traditional sex role schema, would perceive…
Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, College Students, Communication Research, Females
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Bilsker, D; And Others – Sex Roles, 1988
The Identity Status Interview (ISI) was administered to college students. Sex differences were examined. The strong predictors of identity status were ideology for males and sexual-interpersonal for females. The finding that interpersonal issues are more important to females confirms earlier theories and empirical findings. (VM)
Descriptors: College Students, Females, Ideology, Interpersonal Relationship
Stansbury, Kendyll; Warner, Linda Sue; Wiggins, Thomas – 1984
This paper looks at six theoretical approaches for understanding the underrepresentation of women in leadership positions and examines the theories' implications for affirmative action. The theories are as follows: (1) motivational and attitudinal models; (2) sex-role socialization; (3) sex-typed jobs and internal labor markets; (4) the constraint…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Educational Administration, Employed Women, Leadership
Page, Stewart – 1985
This document discusses and reviews the research on the issue of in females and males. A 1970 study by Broverman, Broverman, Clarkson, Rosenkrantz, and Vogel found that both male and female clinicians ascribed more positive characteristics to males and fewer desirable traits to females. Research disagreeing with this position and failing to…
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Androgyny, Attitudes, Congruence (Psychology)
Fox, Siegrun F. – 1979
The document examines Western political thought in terms of women's and men's expected spheres of concern, the proper male and female nature, and the sex-specific allocation of social values. In addition, the author applies her conclusions to contemporary political issues in the United States. Aristotle, Cicero, Aquinas, Rousseau, and Hegel made a…
Descriptors: Females, Intellectual History, Justice, Males
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