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Martos, Alexander J. – Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning, 2016
Over 30 years after HIV was first recognised in the USA, the epidemic continues to pose a disproportionate threat to vulnerable and marginalised populations. Increasing HIV incidence among young men who have sex with men has spurred debate around the content and approach to HIV prevention interventions directed towards this vulnerable population.…
Descriptors: Health Education, Sex Education, Homosexuality, Special Needs Students
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Karandikar, Sharvari; Prospero, Moises – Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2010
The present study explores intimate partner violence (IPV) among female sex workers from the red-light area based in Mumbai, India. Using a grounded theory approach, in-depth interviews were conducted with ten sex workers to explore their experiences of IPV in the context of commercial sex work. Narratives were analyzed and themes constructed. A…
Descriptors: Grounded Theory, Foreign Countries, Males, Disease Control
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Hare-Mustin, Rachel T. – Family Relations, 1988
Examines theories of gender differences. Discusses alpha bias, exaggeration of gender opposition, as characteristic of psychodynamic and sex role theories; and beta bias, denial of gender differences, as evident in systems theories. Calls for new model of gender differences which recognizes asymmetry in women's and men's roles and…
Descriptors: Change, Family Life, Feminism, Models
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Liem, Gregory Arief D.; Martin, Andrew J. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2011
Background: The literature has documented theoretical/conceptual models delineating the facilitating role of peer relationships in academic and non-academic outcomes. However, the mechanisms through which peer relationships link to those outcomes is an area requiring further research. Aims: The study examined the role of adolescents' perceptions…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Peer Relationship, Achievement Tests, Adolescents
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McDonald, Gerald W. – Journal of Marriage and the Family, 1977
A social power theory of parental identification is presented, in contrast to sex-role theories of identification, which argues that the more parental power each parent is perceived to have, the higher the degree of adolescent identification with that parent. (Author)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Association (Psychology), Identification, Modeling (Psychology)
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Halloran, Elizabeth C. – American Journal of Family Therapy, 1998
Drawing on sex-role theory, the learned-helplessness model of depression, and a review of empirical research, this article explores inequity in marital power as a potential third variable that explains how depression and the quality of marriage are related. Aims to generate broad-minded thinking about how marital power, depression, and marital…
Descriptors: Depression (Psychology), Marital Satisfaction, Models, Research
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Zahrulianingdyah, Atiek – Journal of Education and Practice, 2015
Reproductive health education for early childhood it has been the time to teach, because the demand of the changing times and will affect the child's life when he/she is a teenager. During this time, the reproductive health education, which is in it there is sex education, considered taboo among some communities. They argue that the reproductive…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Sex Education, Health Education, Sexuality
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Heise, David R. – Social Psychology Quarterly, 2013
A new theory of interaction within small groups posits that group members initiate actions when tension mounts between the affective meanings of their situational identities and impressions produced by recent events. Actors choose partners and behaviors so as to reduce the tensions. A computer model based on this theory, incorporating reciprocal…
Descriptors: Group Dynamics, Interaction, Group Membership, Psychological Patterns
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Diekman, Amanda B.; Schneider, Monica C. – Psychology of Women Quarterly, 2010
Men and women tend to espouse different political attitudes, as widely noted by both journalists and social scientists. A deeper understanding of why and when gender gaps exist is necessary because at least some gender differences in the political realm are both pervasive and impactful. In this article, we apply a social role theory framework to…
Descriptors: Females, Political Attitudes, Social Scientists, Gender Differences
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Raghuram, Aditi; Luksyte, Aleksandra; Avery, Derek R.; Macoukji, Fred – Journal of Career Development, 2012
Despite the influx of immigrants in the American workplace, little is known about their well-being. The authors built on literature pertaining to gender-specific stressors and organizational support theory to examine a model of stress for immigrants. Analysis of a national, archival data set (N = 150) demonstrated that, consistent with research…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Supervisors, Stress Management, Stress Variables
Chelf, Colette Anderson – ProQuest LLC, 2018
Leadership represents an abstraction of human thought. While functionalist theories propose leader-centric models, contemporary leadership theories embrace a postmodern paradigm acknowledging ontological and epistemological assumptions of qualitative study. This ideology suggests a multi-dimensional model of leadership that reflects the complexity…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Leadership Qualities, Sex Stereotypes, Literary Devices
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Rodríguez, Carmen; Inda, Mercedes; Fernández, Carmen Mª – International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 2016
This study tested social cognitive career theory (SCCT) in the technological domain with 2,359 high-school students in Asturias (Spain). Path analyses were run to determine the influence of gender on the SCCT model and to explain the influence of personal (emotional state, gender-role attitudes), contextual (perceived social supports and…
Descriptors: Social Cognition, Social Influences, Gender Differences, High School Students
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Newton, Fred B.; Caple, Richard B. (Eds.) – Journal of Counseling & Development, 1985
In part one, changes in counseling theory from the perspectives of the self-organization paradigm, quantum theory, and sex-role development are discussed. In part two, the change structure of counseling practice is discussed, including articles on uses of imagery, dream therapy, metaphors, learning style, voluntary self-regulation, and…
Descriptors: Change, Counseling Objectives, Counseling Techniques, Counseling Theories
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Jackson, Z. Vance; Wright, Stephen L.; Perrone-McGovern, Kristin M. – Journal of Employment Counseling, 2010
Men are choosing to enter nontraditional careers with greater frequency. In this article, the authors examine nontraditional career choices made by men and review current empirical literature relevant to this topic. Gottfredson's (1981, 1996) theory of circumscription and compromise and Holland's (1997) career choice theory are used as frameworks…
Descriptors: Careers, Nontraditional Occupations, Career Choice, Sex Role
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Edwards, Renee – International Journal of Listening, 2011
Message interpretation, the notion that individuals assign meaning to stimuli, is related to listening presage, listening process, and listening product. As a central notion of communication, meaning includes (a) denotation and connotation, and (b) content and relational meanings, which can vary in ambiguity and vagueness. Past research on message…
Descriptors: Communication (Thought Transfer), Communication Research, Content Analysis, Information Theory
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