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Showing 61 to 75 of 277 results Save | Export
Acosta, R. Vivian; Carpenter, Linda Jean – Acosta - Carpenter, 2010
In 1970, prior to the 1972 enactment of Title IX, there were only 2.5 women's teams per school and a total of only about 16,000 female intercollegiate athletes. In 1977/1978, the academic year preceding the mandatory compliance date for Title IX, the number of varsity sports for women had grown to 5.61 per school. A decade later, in 1988, the…
Descriptors: Womens Athletics, College Athletics, Intercollegiate Cooperation, Longitudinal Studies
Uhlir, Ann – Phi Delta Kappan, 1982
Asserts that the impact of the last decade's legislation providing for sex equity in sports programs has actually reduced professional opportunities for women and has forced women's athletic programs and sports organizations to adopt the competitive philosophy traditional in men's sports. Considers effects of recent court litigation and…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Athletic Coaches, Civil Rights, Court Litigation
National Coalition for Women and Girls in Education. – 1988
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 is the principal federal law which prohibits sex discriminaton in education. This monograph sets forth the extent of Title IX's coverage by subject area, describes the obligations of covered institutions, and explains how victims of discrimination can enforce their Title IX right. While dealing with…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Athletics, Civil Rights, Educational Discrimination
Association of American Colleges, Washington, DC. Project on the Status and Education of Women. – 1980
This issue of the "On Campus With Women" newsletter includes the following topics: a federal court case decision that student aid constitutes federal assistance, but that the Department of Health, Education and Welfare cannot compel Grove City College to sign a legally defective Title IX compliance form; a Department of Justice move to…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Athletic Coaches, Blacks, Civil Rights
Citizens Advisory Council on the Status of Women, Washington, DC. – 1972
This memorandum reviews the need for studies on sex discrimination in public schools and suggests groups that should make local reviews and those areas which need reviewing -- one sex schools; one sex or practically one sex courses; physical education, sports, and other extracurricular activities; textbooks, library books, and other curricular…
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Coeducation, Counseling, Educational Discrimination
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Norman, Leanne – Asia-Pacific Journal of Health, Sport and Physical Education, 2012
The purpose of this study was to explore strategies for the development of aspiring female coaches based on the ideas of existing high-performance female coaches. Drawing on semi-structured interviews with national-level female coaches in the United Kingdom, four recurrent ideas for developing female coaches in a male-dominated profession emerged.…
Descriptors: Females, Foreign Countries, Athletes, Career Development
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Justus, Janet; Brake, Deborah – Journal of College and University Law, 1995
Perspectives on Title IX of the 1972 Education Amendments concerning gender equity in college sports, include those of a National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) administrator and a women's law attorney. The first looks at the law's provisions, NCAA's role, and related challenges facing institutions. The second focuses on continuing gender…
Descriptors: Civil Rights Legislation, College Administration, College Athletics, Federal Legislation
National Organization for Women, Washington, DC. Project on Equal Education Rights. – 1979
Concerned with the sex equity of college athletic programs, this newsletter focuses on (1) a large group of colleges lobbying against Title IX and seeking cutbacks on sports coverage, (2) the mobilization of community groups seeking sex equity in local schools in Michigan and North Carolina, (3) new guidelines for eliminating sex discrimination in…
Descriptors: Athletics, College Programs, Equal Education, Feminism
Association of American Colleges, Washington, DC. Project on the Status and Education of Women. – 1979
Addressed in this issue are: Title IX (right to sue, coverage of employment, a women's reentry program in violation of the law, law students filing a complaint, and disclosure of campus policies); sports (males on female teams, a statewide women's sports group, the average woman and sports, and a bibliography); employment (race preference in…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Career Development, College Admission, College Faculty
Acosta, R. Vivian; Carpenter, Linda Jean – Acosta - Carpenter, 2008
In 1970, prior to the 1972 enactment of Title IX, there were only 2.5 women's teams per school and a total of only about 16,000 female intercollegiate athletes. In 1977/1978, the academic year preceding the mandatory compliance date for Title IX, the number of varsity sports for women had grown to 5.61 per school. A decade later, in 1988, the…
Descriptors: Womens Athletics, College Athletics, Intercollegiate Cooperation, Longitudinal Studies
Association of American Colleges, Washington, DC. – 1980
A newsletter on issues pertaining to women's rights on campuses and in employment is presented. Developments and issues include the following: initiation of intercollegiate athletic championships for women in nine sports; a charge of unequal pay for women coaches; university cases of alleged sex discrimination in athletic programs; reference to…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Blacks, Civil Rights, College Faculty
Geadelmann, Patricia L.; And Others – 1977
The subject of equal rights and opportunities for women in the field of physical education is discussed in nine articles. The major emphasis is on the legal aspects of sex discrimination. Defining equality, knowing the laws regarding enforcement, understanding the court procedures, and realizing the avenues for change are the essential tools…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Civil Rights, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Federal Legislation
Geadelmann, Patricia L.; And Others – 1977
Essays concerning multiple aspects of integrating the concept of professional equality between the sexes into the field of sport are presented. The abstract idea of sexual equality is examined, and methods for determining the degree of equality present in given working situations are set forth. A discussion of the laws, enforcing agencies, and…
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Personnel Integration, Physical Education
Thomas, Stephen B.; White, Janet M. – 1987
This chapter--new to the "Yearbook"--discusses all court cases reported in 1986 that involved student athletes, coaches, athletic directors, athletic associations, booster organizations, interscholastic sports programs and events, and sports facilities and equipment at both the K-12 and higher education levels. It does not, however,…
Descriptors: Athletic Coaches, Athletics, Civil Rights, Compliance (Legal)
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Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC. – 1980
This publication reviews the history of women and girls in athletics, assesses the current status of female participation in high school and college competitive athletics, and summarizes recent policy interpretations by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (DHEW) of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972. The historical review…
Descriptors: Agency Role, Athletics, Federal Legislation, Federal Regulation
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