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ERIC Number: ED084588
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Seventeenth Century Reflections in the Rhetoric of Science in America.
Wenzel, Joseph W.
One of the results of the seventeenth-century revolution in learning was the rejection by scientists of classical rhetorical theories. The scientific societies established in colonial America reflected the European wish to replace the classic emphasis on "artificial" rhetorical style by making language usage more concrete, simple, and clear. In particular, they opposed the use of such rhetorical devices as figures of speech, "eloquent" writing, or "mere style." In the mid-nineteenth century, however, when the American Association for the Advancement of Science was founded, there was evidence of reaction against the "pure" scientific language usage and more critical attention paid to improvement of communication. The new concept of language usage emphasized a practical, utilitarian style of writing that would also require the scientist to study literary works to learn basic principles of rhetoric and composition. Scientific writings now draw upon the principles of communication first delineated by the classical rhetoricians--investigation, recollection, judgment, arrangement, and expression--but there is no evidence of any philosophical analysis of the "rhetoric of science literature" which might lead to a well-defined art of scientific discourse. (RN)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Central States Speech Assn. (Spring, 1973)