ERIC Number: EJ870174
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Sensory Processing Subtypes in Autism: Association with Adaptive Behavior
Lane, Alison E.; Young, Robyn L.; Baker, Amy E. Z.; Angley, Manya T.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v40 n1 p112-122 Jan 2010
Children with autism are frequently observed to experience difficulties in sensory processing. This study examined specific patterns of sensory processing in 54 children with autistic disorder and their association with adaptive behavior. Model-based cluster analysis revealed three distinct sensory processing subtypes in autism. These subtypes were differentiated by taste and smell sensitivity and movement-related sensory behavior. Further, sensory processing subtypes predicted communication competence and maladaptive behavior. The findings of this study lay the foundation for the generation of more specific hypotheses regarding the mechanisms of sensory processing dysfunction in autism, and support the continued use of sensory-based interventions in the remediation of communication and behavioral difficulties in autism.
Descriptors: Sensory Experience, Autism, Adjustment (to Environment), Multivariate Analysis, Children, Child Behavior, Interpersonal Communication, Communication Skills, Behavior Problems, Intervention
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A