ERIC Number: EJ800722
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Nov
Symptom Presentation and Symptom Meaning among Traumatized Cambodian Refugees: Relevance to a Somatically Focused Cognitive-Behavior Therapy
Hinton, Devon E.; Otto, Michael W.
Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, v13 n4 p249-260 Nov 2006
Among psychologically distressed Cambodian refugees, somatic complaints are particularly prominent. Cambodians interpret anxiety-related somatic sensations in terms of "Wind" ("khyal"), an ethnophysiology that gives rise to multiple catastrophic interpretations; and they have prominent trauma-memory associations to anxiety-related somatic symptoms. In this article, we detail some of the common sensation-related dysphoric networks of Cambodian refugees, focusing on catastrophic cognitions and trauma associations. We argue that delineating symptom-related dysphoric networks is crucial to successfully adapt cognitive-behavioral interventions to treat panic disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder among Cambodian refugees, and that such an approach may be useful for the culturally sensitive adaptation of cognitive-behavior therapy for other traumatized non-Western groups.
Descriptors: Cambodians, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Behavior Modification, Schemata (Cognition), Therapy, Refugees, Anxiety, Cognitive Restructuring, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Intervention, Cultural Awareness
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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