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Standage, Martyn; Treasure, Darren C.; Hooper, Katherine; Kuczka, Kendy – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2007
Background: Self-handicapping is an attribution-related process whereby individuals create performance impediments/excuses to protect self-worth in socially evaluative environments. Thus, the prevailing motivational climate would appear to be an important factor when attempting to understand the situational self-handicapping process within school…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Secondary School Students, Physical Education, Academic Achievement
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Thomas, Cathy R.; Gadbois, Shannon A. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2007
Background: Self-handicapping is linked to students' personal motivations, classroom goal structure, academic outcomes, global self-esteem and certainty of self-esteem. Academic self-handicapping has yet to be studied with respect to students' consistency in self-description and their description of themselves as learners. Aims: This study…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Self Efficacy, Learning Strategies, Test Anxiety
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Chen, Lung Hung; Wu, Chia-Huei; Kee, Ying Hwa; Lin, Meng-Shyan; Shui, Shang-Hsueh – Contemporary Educational Psychology, 2009
In this study, the hierarchical model of achievement motivation [Elliot, A. J. (1997). Integrating the "classic" and "contemporary" approaches to achievement motivation: A hierarchical model of approach and avoidance achievement motivation. In P. Pintrich & M. Maehr (Eds.), "Advances in motivation and achievement"…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Structural Equation Models, Failure, Construct Validity
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Martin, Andrew J.; Nejad, Harry G.; Colmar, Susan; Liem, Gregory Arief D. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2013
Adaptability is defined as appropriate cognitive, behavioral, and/or affective adjustment in the face of uncertainty and novelty. Building on prior measurement work demonstrating the psychometric properties of an adaptability construct, the present study investigates dispositional predictors (personality, implicit theories) of adaptability, and…
Descriptors: Student Adjustment, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Student Reaction, Predictor Variables
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Martin, Andrew J. – School Psychology International, 2013
Academic buoyancy has been defined as a capacity to overcome setbacks, challenges, and difficulties that are part of everyday academic life. Academic resilience has been defined as a capacity to overcome acute and/or chronic adversity that is seen as a major threat to a student's educational development. This study is the first to examine the…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, High School Students, Foreign Countries, Resilience (Psychology)
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Parker, Philip D.; Martin, Andrew J. – Teaching and Teacher Education: An International Journal of Research and Studies, 2009
Given the high levels of attrition in the teaching profession there is a need for research to better understand factors that lead to greater teacher well-being and engagement. The present study explores the roles of coping and buoyancy in predicting teacher well-being and engagement. In particular, a process model is hypothesized in which the use…
Descriptors: Teaching (Occupation), Coping, Well Being, Teachers
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Martin, Andrew J. – School Psychology Quarterly, 2011
In the context of 7,637 high school students, the present study explored an hypothesized formulation of academic courage (defined as perseverance in the face of academic difficulty and fear) and its role in predicting academic performance (literacy and arithmetic) and various academic engagement measures (planning, task management,…
Descriptors: Structural Equation Models, Outcomes of Education, Academic Achievement, Fear
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Thompson, Ted; Dinnel, Dale L. – Educational Psychology, 2007
Self-worth protective students characteristically perform poorly when they anticipate that poor performance is likely to reveal low ability, yet perform well in situations that involve little threat to self-worth. The present study sought a further understanding of this variable pattern of achievement, assessing two possibilities: (1) that the…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Undergraduate Students, Anxiety, Self Esteem
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Maatta, Sami; Nurmi, Jari-Erik; Stattin, Hakan – Journal of Research on Adolescence, 2007
This study set out to identify the kinds of achievement orientations that adolescents show, and to examine the kinds of antecedents and consequences the use of a particular orientation has. The participants were 734 Swedish adolescents (335 boys and 399 girls) who filled in questionnaires measuring their achievement beliefs and behaviors,…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Swedish, Questionnaires, Multivariate Analysis
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Kleitman, Sabina; Gibson, Jennifer – Learning and Individual Differences, 2011
Metacognition is an integral component of a self-regulated approach to learning. The present study examined the relationships between academic self-efficacy and perceptions of one's own competence in memory and reasoning abilities, and their role in predicting the Self-confidence trait. The study also aimed to determine the role of key classroom…
Descriptors: College Students, Self Efficacy, Goal Orientation, Educational Practices
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Shih, Shu-Shen – Journal of Educational Research, 2009
The author examined how Taiwanese junior high students' perceptions of autonomy support from teachers and parents as well as autonomous and controlled motivations were related to their implicit theories of intelligence. The author also attempted to determine the ability of these constructs to explain students' reports of avoidance strategies…
Descriptors: Help Seeking, Student Attitudes, Learning Motivation, Grade 8
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Deemer, Eric D.; Carter, Alice P.; Lobrano, Michael T. – Journal of Career Assessment, 2010
The current research sought to extend the 2 x 2 achievement goal framework by developing and testing the Achievement Goals for Research Scale (AGRS). Participants (N = 317) consisted of graduate students in the life, physical, and behavioral sciences. A principal components analysis (PCA) extracted five components accounting for 72.59% of the…
Descriptors: Graduate Students, Failure, Testing, Validity
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Seli, Helena; Dembo, Myron H.; Crocker, Stephen – College Student Journal, 2009
This study examined community college students' future-related self-concept, termed "possible selves," in relationship to their current academic behavior with a focus on self-worth protective strategies. As demonstrated via hierarchical regression, possible selves added to understanding the students' self-protective behavior above and…
Descriptors: Self Esteem, Motivation, Community Colleges, Higher Education
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Merz, Alice H.; Swim, Terri Jo – Teaching and Teacher Education: An International Journal of Research and Studies, 2008
In this study, defensive pessimism is reviewed in relation to anxiety, self-esteem, expectations, self-regulation, and self-handicapping. Then, two case studies of American pre-service teachers in a mathematics classroom are provided that move the research beyond survey and correlational studies. In the case analyses, defensive pessimists'…
Descriptors: Learning Strategies, Case Studies, Defense Mechanisms, Mathematics Instruction
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Ommundsen, Yngvar; Haugen, Richard; Lund, Thorleif – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2005
The purpose of the present study is to explore how academic self-concept and implicit theories of ability are related to four self-regulation strategies--motivation/diligence, concentration, information processing, and self-handicapping. The hypothesis is that academic self-concept and an incremental theory of ability are (1) positively related to…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Multiple Regression Analysis, Academic Ability, Self Management
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