ERIC Number: EJ684988
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Jun
Predictors of Academic Self-Handicapping and Achievement: Examining Achievement Goals, Classroom Goal Structures, and Culture
Journal of Educational Psychology, v96 n2 p251-264 Jun 2004
The purposes of this study were to examine the predictors and achievement consequences of academic self-handicapping and to explore cultural variations in the pursuit and effects of performance goals and perceived classroom performance goal structures. Data were collected in 2 consecutive academic years from a diverse sample of high school students (N=675). Performance-avoidance and classroom performance goal structure were positively associated with self-handicapping, whereas performance-approach goals negatively predicted handicapping. Self-handicapping was negatively associated with achievement in English. Cultural differences in the effects of performance goals on achievement and in the effects of classroom performance goal structure on the subsequent adoption of personal performance goals were found. Implications for efforts to alter classroom goal structures are discussed.
Descriptors: Cultural Differences, Goal Orientation, Academic Achievement, English (Second Language), Language Proficiency, Classroom Environment, Low Achievement, High School Students, Student Diversity
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A