ERIC Number: EJ990553
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
A 10-Day Developmental Voyage: Converging Evidence from Three Studies Showing that Self-Esteem May Be Elevated and Maintained without Negative Outcomes
Kafka, S.; Hunter, J. A.; Hayhurst, J.; Boyes, M.; Thomson, R. L.; Clarke, H.; Grocott, A. M.; Stringer, M.; O'Brien, K. S.
Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, v15 n4 p571-601 Dec 2012
Empirical evidence shows that educational experiences in the context of the outdoors lead to elevated self-esteem. Although elevated self-esteem is widely assumed to promote beneficial outcomes, recent evidence suggests that elevated self-esteem may also facilitate a variety of negative outcomes (i.e., increased prejudice, aggression, drug and alcohol abuse). The current research was conducted in order to examine whether one type of outdoor educational experience--a 10-day developmental voyage--could elevate adolescents' self-esteem without also elevating negative outcomes. The data from three separate studies are reported. Study one revealed that adolescents who undertook the voyage manifested elevated self-esteem and decreased gender prejudice (i.e., less negative ratings of opposite sex outgroup members). Study two replicated these findings and further demonstrated that these effects were maintained 4-5 months following the voyage. In study three, in addition to self-esteem, risky attitudes (i.e., towards drug and alcohol use), physical aggression, verbal aggression, racial and gender bias were also examined. Adolescents again showed elevated self-esteem that was maintained 4-5 months following the voyage. There were no changes in risky attitudes, aggression, or racial and gender bias. Taken together these results indicate that taking part in a 10-day developmental voyage--can lead to an elevation in self-esteem, that is maintained over time and which does not facilitate a variety of negative outcomes.
Descriptors: Evidence, Adolescents, Student Attitudes, Gender Bias, Aggression, Alcohol Abuse, Educational Experience, Self Esteem, Verbal Communication, Risk, Drug Abuse, Outdoor Education, Racial Bias, Outcomes of Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A