ERIC Number: EJ1099734
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Measuring the Computer-Related Self-Concept
Langheinrich, Jessica; Schönfelder, Mona; Bogner, Franz X.
Journal of Educational Computing Research, v54 n3 p352-370 Jun 2016
A positive self-concept supposedly affects a student's well-being as well as his or her perception of individual competence at school. As computer-based learning is becoming increasingly important in school, a positive computer-related self-concept (CSC) might help to enhance cognitive achievement. Consequently, we focused on establishing a short, valid, and reliable instrument to measure the CSC by administering to German subsamples (N[subscript total] = 488) of three different age-groups: 8th (N = 159), 11th graders (N = 214), and university freshmen (N = 115). We succeeded in developing a one-factor-instrument with good overall reliability ([a subscript total = 0.84) and adequate criterion validity. The scale implementation revealed a high self-concept among younger respondents. Furthermore, we observed a stereotypical difference between the CSC scores for 8th and 11th graders. Finally, we discuss pedagogical and educational considerations of the scale's implementation in school.
Descriptors: Self Concept, Computer Literacy, Grade 8, Grade 11, College Freshmen, Test Construction, Test Validity, Test Reliability, Age Differences, Stereotypes, Gender Differences, Foreign Countries, Questionnaires, Statistical Analysis, Factor Analysis, Correlation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 8; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Elementary Education; Secondary Education; Grade 11; High Schools; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany