ERIC Number: EJ732836
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Mirror Self-Recognition beyond the Face
Nielsen, Mark; Suddendorf, Thomas; Slaughter, Virginia
Child Development, v77 n1 p176-185 Jan-Feb 2006
Three studies (N=144) investigated how toddlers aged 18 and 24 months pass the surprise-mark test of self-recognition. In Study 1, toddlers were surreptitiously marked in successive conditions on their legs and faces with stickers visible only in a mirror. Rates of sticker touching did not differ significantly between conditions. In Study 2, toddlers failed to touch a sticker on their legs that had been disguised before being marked. In Study 3, having been given 30-s exposure to their disguised legs before testing, toddlers touched the stickers on their legs and faces at equivalent levels. These results suggest that toddlers pass the mark test based on expectations about what they look like, expectations that are not restricted to the face.
Descriptors: Recognition (Psychology), Human Body, Toddlers, Child Behavior, Child Development, Child Psychology, Case Studies, Self Concept, Expectation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
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