ERIC Number: EJ947629
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Abstractor: As Provided
Delayed Self-Recognition in Autism: A Unique Difficulty?
Dunphy-Lelii, Sarah; Wellman, Henry M.
Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, v6 n1 p212-223 Jan-Mar 2012
Achieving a sense of self is a crucial task of ordinary development. With which aspects of self do children with autism have particular difficulty? Two prior studies concluded that children with autism are unimpaired in delayed self-recognition; we confirm and clarify this conclusion by examining it in conjunction with another key aspect of self understanding, including several needed controls and contrasts. Three groups of children were tested in a delayed self-recognition paradigm as well as a self-other action memory card game in which they took turns placing pictures with an adult: 3-year-olds (n = 25), 5-year-olds (n = 27), and children with autism spectrum disorder (n = 20). Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) demonstrated impaired performance on self-other recall compared to both typical 5-year-olds and typical 3-year-olds, but were not significantly different on delayed self-recognition. Results are discussed with regard to the unique profile of self-related performance in autism. (Contains 2 figures and 3 tables.)
Descriptors: Self Concept, Autism, Games, Memory, Pictorial Stimuli, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Recall (Psychology), Age Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A