ERIC Number: EJ1141058
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
Identifying Students' Expectancy-Value Beliefs: A Latent Class Analysis Approach to Analyzing Middle School Students' Science Self-Perceptions
Phelan, Julia; Ing, Marsha; Nylund-Gibson, Karen; Brown, Richard S.
Journal of STEM Education: Innovations and Research, v18 n1 p11-15 Jan-Mar 2017
This study extends current research by organizing information about students' expectancy-value achievement motivation, in a way that helps parents and teachers identify specific entry points to encourage and support students' science aspirations. This study uses latent class analysis to describe underlying differences in ability beliefs, task values and links these science-self-perceptions to interest in science. Findings suggest that there is a positive relationship between students' science self-perceptions and interest in science which is consistent with previous research (see for example, Aschbacher, Ing, & Tsai, 2014). The relationship between self-perceptions and interest in science was similar regardless of gender or ethnicity. Despite study limitations, self-perceptions should be considered valuable because teachers have influence on both learning activities and a students' sense of self as a science learner. These results underscore the importance of preparing teachers to foster student desire to learn more science in the future. In organizing the data using this particular methodology, information is provided in a potentially powerful way to target specific interventions or support.
Descriptors: Self Concept, Science Instruction, Middle School Students, Multivariate Analysis, Beliefs, Physical Sciences, Grade 8, Science Teachers, Achievement Need, Science Interests, STEM Education, Student Surveys, Scientific Attitudes, Student Attitudes, Student Interests, Probability, Bayesian Statistics
Institute for STEM Education and Research. P.O. Box 4001, Auburn, AL 36831. Tel: 334-844-3360; Web site: http://www.jstem.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools; Grade 8; Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A