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ERIC Number: EJ1035411
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Aug
Pages: 32
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 76
ISSN: ISSN-0272-4316
Age and Gender Differences in the Relation between Self-Concept Facets and Self-Esteem
Arens, A. Katrin; Hasselhorn, Marcus
Journal of Early Adolescence, v34 n6 p760-791 Aug 2014
This study tested whether the gender intensification hypothesis applies to relations between multiple domain-specific self-concept facets and self-esteem. This hypothesis predicts gender-stereotypic differences in these relations and assumes they intensify with age. Furthermore, knowledge about gender-related or age-related differences in self-concept-self-esteem relations might provide valuable knowledge for designing effective self-esteem enhancement interventions. We investigated grade and gender differences in the relations between domain-specific self-concept facets and self-esteem within a sample of 1958 German students in Grades 3 to 6. Results indicated no difference in the self-concept--self-esteem relations between the subsamples of third and fourth graders and fifth and sixth graders or between boys and girls. These relations also did not differ between boys and girls in the subsamples of third and fourth graders and fifth and sixth graders. These results suggest self-concept--self-esteem relations to be invariant across grade levels and gender and thus did not support the gender intensification hypothesis.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 3; Primary Education; Elementary Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades; Grade 5; Middle Schools; Grade 6
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Self Description Questionnaire