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Putwain, David; Remedios, Richard; Symes, Wendy – Educational Psychology, 2016
Fear appeals are messages that focus on avoiding the negative consequences of failure. They are often used by teachers as a motivational tactic prior to high-stakes examinations. In this study, we examined whether 566 secondary school students, from 26 different classes, approaching high-stakes examinations appraised fear appeals as threatening or…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Academic Ability, Secondary School Students, Regression (Statistics)
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Putwain, David W.; Roberts, Christine M. – Educational Psychology, 2012
Previous research has examined the use of classroom fear and efficacy appeals from a student perspective, but little is known about teachers' views towards fear and efficacy appeals. In this preliminary study, we conducted a survey of 234 secondary school teachers. Results showed that teachers held mixed views towards the use of fear appeals and…
Descriptors: Secondary School Teachers, Fear, Self Efficacy, Teacher Attitudes
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Putwain, David W.; von der Embse, Nathaniel P. – Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, 2018
Teachers often communicate to students the consequences of success and failure (fear appeals) and the timing (timing reminders) of forthcoming examinations. Prior research has examined how fear appeals and teaching reminders are evaluated by students and how they relate to educational outcomes such as engagement. Few studies have addressed the use…
Descriptors: High Stakes Tests, Fear, Academic Achievement, Academic Failure
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Putwain, David W.; Symes, Wendy; McCaldin, Tamsin – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2019
This study set out to assess a new instrument designed to measure the perceived frequency that teachers use fear appeals (communicated value messages that focus on avoiding failure) prior to a high-stakes examination and their appraisal as a challenge or a threat. Data were collected from two samples of students preparing for their high-stakes…
Descriptors: Fear, High Stakes Tests, Exit Examinations, Foreign Countries
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von der Embse, Nathaniel P.; Schultz, Brandon K.; Draughn, Jeremy D. – School Psychology International, 2015
Educational accountability policies have led to a growth in the use of high-stakes examinations for a number of important educational decisions, including the evaluation of teacher effectiveness. As such, educators are under increasing pressure to raise student test performance. In an attempt to prepare students for a high-stakes exam, teachers…
Descriptors: Test Anxiety, High Stakes Tests, College Students, Student Motivation
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Perrault, Evan K.; Clark, Scott K. – International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 2018
Purpose: A planet that can no longer sustain life is a frightening thought--and one that is often present in mass media messages. Therefore, this study aims to test the components of a classic fear appeal theory, the extended parallel process model (EPPM) and to determine how well its constructs predict sustainability behavioral intentions. This…
Descriptors: Sustainability, Fear, Models, Intention
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Wong, Tzu-Jung; King, Jessica L.; Pomeranz, Jamie L. – Health Education Research, 2016
Antitobacco advertisement components, including types of messages and advertising appeals, have not been evaluated among multinational groups. This study identified and compared the content of antismoking video ads across three countries. We reviewed 86 antismoking video advertisements for the following information: severity of the consequences of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cultural Differences, Smoking, Health Promotion
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Li, Shu-Chu Sarrina – Journal of Environmental Education, 2014
This study used Witte's extended parallel process model to examine the relationships between the use of fear appeals and college students' attitudes and behavioral intentions toward global warming. A pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design was adopted. Three hundred forty-one college students from six communication courses at two universities…
Descriptors: Environmental Education, College Students, Student Attitudes, Student Behavior
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Putwain, David William; Symes, Wendy – Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, 2014
Previous work has examined how messages communicated to students prior to high-stakes exams, that emphasise the importance of avoiding failure for subsequent life trajectory, may be appraised as threatening. In two studies, we extended this work to examine how students may also appraise such messages as challenging or disregard them as being of…
Descriptors: Fear, High Stakes Tests, Anxiety, Student Attitudes
Brown, David A. – ProQuest LLC, 2017
Information security is a concern for managers implementing protection measures. Implementing information security measures requires communicating both the reason and remediation for the protection measure. Examining how an anti-spyware security communication affects an individual's intention to implement a protection measure could help improve…
Descriptors: College Students, Fear, Intention, Information Security
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Brengman, Malaika; Wauters, Birgit; Macharis, Cathy; Mairesse, Olivier – Psicologica: International Journal of Methodology and Experimental Psychology, 2010
As more than 70% of individuals in Western societies can be categorized as sedentary and inactivity has been recognized to lead to a series of serious physical and psychological disorders, the importance of physical activity promotion is ever more emphasized. Many social marketing campaigns use threat (or fear) appeals to promote healthy…
Descriptors: Cues, Exercise, Models, Physical Activity Level
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Goodall, Catherine E.; Roberto, Anthony J. – Communication Teacher, 2008
"An Inconvenient Truth" is an Academy Award-winning documentary about global warming presented by Al Gore. This documentary is appropriate for a lesson on fear appeals and the extended parallel process model (EPPM). The EPPM is concerned with the effects of perceived threat and efficacy on behavior change. Perceived threat is composed of an…
Descriptors: Documentaries, Climate, Fear, Communication (Thought Transfer)
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Sprinkle, Rose; Hunt, Stephen; Simonds, Cheri; Comadena, Mark – Communication Education, 2006
This study examined the impact of teachers' use of fear appeals and efficacy statements on student affective learning, motivation, likelihood of taking a course with the instructor, and likelihood of visiting with the instructor for help. The results suggest that fear and efficacy interact to more positively influence students' perceptions of…
Descriptors: Fear, Student Attitudes, Student Motivation, Antisocial Behavior
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Ordonana, Juan R.; Gonzalez-Javier, Francisca; Espin-Lopez, Laura; Gomez-Amor, Jesus – Human Communication Research, 2009
This study was designed to assess the relationship between self-report and psychophysiological responses to fear appeals and behavioral changes elicited by these. Ninety-two subjects watched one of four messages that varied in level of threat (high vs. low) and efficacy (high vs. low). Concomitantly, psychophysiological measures (heart rate and…
Descriptors: Metabolism, Fear, Psychophysiology, Shift Studies
Beck, Kenneth H.; Frankel, Arthur – 1978
Making others especially fearful of what can happen if they ignore the advice given in a health-threat warning (fear appeal) encourages their acceptance of the message most of the time, though occasionally this strategy backfires. Current formulations of fear appeals are unable to reconcile these findings satisfactorily. The drive model notion…
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Behavior Modification, Behavior Theories, Counseling Theories