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Kharkhurin, Anatoliy V.; Wei, Li – International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 2015
This study further explores the theme of bilingual creativity with the present focus on code-switching. Specifically, it investigates whether code-switching practice has an impact on creativity. In line with the previous research, selective attention was proposed as a potential cognitive mechanism, which on the one hand would benefit from…
Descriptors: Role, Code Switching (Language), Creativity, College Students
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Kane, Stacey G.; Dean, Kelly M.; Buss, Emily – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2021
Purpose: Knowing target location can improve adults' speech-in-speech recognition in complex auditory environments, but it is unknown whether young children listen selectively in space. This study evaluated masked word recognition with and without a pretrial cue to location to characterize the influence of listener age and masker type on the…
Descriptors: Attention, Speech, Children, Adults
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Day, Kimberly L.; Smith, Cynthia L.; Neal, Amy; Dunsmore, Julie C. – Early Education and Development, 2018
Research Findings: In addition to being a regulatory strategy, children's private speech may enhance or interfere with their effortful control used to regulate emotion. The goal of the current study was to investigate whether children's private speech during a selective attention task moderated the relations of their effortful control to their…
Descriptors: Speech, Preschool Children, Self Control, Emotional Response
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Scharfen, Hans-Erik; Memmert, Daniel – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2021
The study examined the (1) interrelation of cognitive-athletic performance concerning game time and (2) injuries; (3) relation between executive functions and game intelligence. A total of 172 elite soccer players (age: 12-34 years) performed tests assessing multiple-object-tracking, working memory capacity (WMC), cognitive flexibility (CF), and…
Descriptors: Correlation, Executive Function, Physiology, Games
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Kirk, Hannah E.; Gray, Kylie M.; Ellis, Kirsten; Taffe, John; Cornish, Kim M. – Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2016
Background: Children with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) experience heightened attention difficulties which have been linked to poorer cognitive, academic and social outcomes. Although, increasing research has focused on the potential of computerised cognitive training in reducing attention problems, limited studies have…
Descriptors: Children, Preadolescents, Intellectual Disability, Developmental Disabilities
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Ben-David, Boaz M.; Ben-Itzchak, Esther; Zukerman, Gil; Yahav, Gili; Icht, Michal – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020
Identifying emotions in speech is based on the interaction of lexical content and prosody. This may be disrupted in individuals with High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder (HF-ASD). Undergraduates with HF-ASD (n = 20) and matched typically developed peers (n = 20) were tested using the (Hebrew) Test for Rating of Emotions in Speech.…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Emotional Response, Undergraduate Students
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Macoun, Sarah J.; Schneider, Isabel; Bedir, Buse; Sheehan, John; Sung, Andrew – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2021
This pilot study investigated the efficacy of a game-based cognitive training program ("Caribbean Quest"; CQ) for improving attention and executive function (EF) in school-aged children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). CQ is a 'serious game' that uses a hybrid process-specific/compensatory approach to remediate attention and EF…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Short Term Memory, Attention, Intervention
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Broschard, Matthew B.; Kim, Jangjin; Love, Bradley C.; Wasserman, Edward A.; Freeman, John H. – Learning & Memory, 2019
A prominent theory of category learning, COVIS, posits that new categories are learned with either a declarative or procedural system, depending on the task. The declarative system uses the prefrontal cortex (PFC) to learn rule-based (RB) category tasks in which there is one relevant sensory dimension that can be used to establish a rule for…
Descriptors: Task Analysis, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Learning Processes, Animals
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MacPherson, Megan K. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of cognitive load imposed by a speech production task on the speech motor performance of healthy older and younger adults. Response inhibition, selective attention, and working memory were the primary cognitive processes of interest. Method: Twelve healthy older and 12 healthy younger…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Difficulty Level, Speech Communication, Speech Skills
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Chan, Man Ching Esther; Clarke, David J.; Clarke, Doug M.; Roche, Anne; Cao, Yiming; Peter-Koop, Andrea – Mathematics Education Research Journal, 2018
The major premise of this project is that teachers learn from the act of teaching a lesson. Rather than asking "What must a teacher already know in order to practice effectively?", this project asks "What might a teacher learn through their activities in the classroom and how might this learning be optimised?" In this project,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Learning Strategies, Case Studies, Online Surveys
Vavassoeur, Lether Christine – ProQuest LLC, 2016
The purpose of this dissertation was to investigate the extent to which the Test of Everyday Attention for Children (TEA-Ch) in isolation and in combination with parent ratings of inattention predicted performance on reading comprehension assessments presented in various formats (question and answer, cloze, and recall) among a non-clinical sample…
Descriptors: Low Income Students, Reading Comprehension, Grade 4, Minority Group Children
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Herrington, John D.; Riley, Meghan E.; Grupe, Daniel W.; Schultz, Robert T. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
This study examines whether deficits in visual information processing in autism-spectrum disorder (ASD) can be offset by the recruitment of brain structures involved in selective attention. During functional MRI, 12 children with ASD and 19 control participants completed a selective attention one-back task in which images of faces and houses were…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Cognitive Processes, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Tillmann, Julian; Swettenham, John – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
To test a central assumption of the increased perceptual capacity account in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), the effects of perceptual load and target-stimulus degradation on auditory detection sensitivity were contrasted. Fourteen adolescents with ASD and 16 neurotypical controls performed a visual letter search task under three…
Descriptors: Task Analysis, Difficulty Level, Auditory Perception, Autism
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Pompon, Rebecca Hunting; McNeil, Malcolm R.; Spencer, Kristie A.; Kendall, Diane L. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2015
Purpose: The integrity of selective attention in people with aphasia (PWA) is currently unknown. Selective attention is essential for everyday communication, and inhibition is an important part of selective attention. This study explored components of inhibition--both intentional and reactive inhibition--during spoken-word production in PWA and in…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Task Analysis, Inhibition, Interference (Language)
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Kidd, Gerald, Jr. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2017
Purpose: Listeners with hearing loss, as well as many listeners with clinically normal hearing, often experience great difficulty segregating talkers in a multiple-talker sound field and selectively attending to the desired "target" talker while ignoring the speech from unwanted "masker" talkers and other sources of sound. This…
Descriptors: Hearing Impairments, Assistive Technology, Attention, Auditory Perception
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