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Prichard, Caleb; Atkins, Andrew – Reading in a Foreign Language, 2019
Selective attention to task-relevant content is an essential strategy for readers. There is evidence that proficient readers more often consider their purpose and focus attention selectively. However, eye tracking research has revealed several limitations with survey data on reading strategies, and few second language (L2) reading studies have…
Descriptors: Reading Strategies, Attention, Second Language Learning, Eye Movements
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Plebanek, Daniel J.; Sloutsky, Vladimir M. – Developmental Science, 2019
Selective attention is fundamental for learning across many situations, yet it exhibits protracted development, with young children often failing to filter out distractors. In this research, we examine links between selective attention and working memory (WM) capacity across development. One possibility is that WM is resource-limited, with…
Descriptors: Attention, Young Children, Short Term Memory, Child Development
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Tierney, Adam; Rosen, Stuart; Dick, Fred – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2020
Speech is more difficult to understand when it is presented concurrently with a distractor speech stream. One source of this difficulty is that competing speech can act as an attentional lure, requiring listeners to exert attentional control to ensure that attention does not drift away from the target. Stronger attentional control may enable…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Ability, Individual Differences, Speech Communication, Attention Control
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Blom, Elma; Boerma, Tessel – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2020
Purpose: Many children with developmental language disorder (DLD) have weaknesses in executive functioning (EF), specifically in tasks testing interference control and working memory. It is unknown how EF develops in children with DLD, if EF abilities are related to DLD severity and persistence, and if EF weaknesses expand to selective attention.…
Descriptors: Young Children, Developmental Disabilities, Language Impairments, Interference (Learning)
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Kerr-German, Anastasia N.; Buss, Aaron T. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2020
Between the ages of 3 and 5, children develop greater control over attention to visual dimensions. Children develop the ability to flexibly shift between visual dimensions and to selectively process specific dimensions of an object. Previous proposals have suggested that selective and flexible attention is developmentally related to one another.…
Descriptors: Attention, Preschool Children, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Cognitive Development
Plebanek, Daniel J.; Sloutsky, Vladimir M. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Selective attention is fundamental for learning across many situations, yet it exhibits protracted development, with young children often failing to filter out distractors. In this research, we examine links between selective attention and working memory (WM) capacity across development. One possibility is that WM is resource-limited, with…
Descriptors: Attention, Young Children, Short Term Memory, Child Development
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Broschard, Matthew B.; Kim, Jangjin; Love, Bradley C.; Wasserman, Edward A.; Freeman, John H. – Learning & Memory, 2019
A prominent theory of category learning, COVIS, posits that new categories are learned with either a declarative or procedural system, depending on the task. The declarative system uses the prefrontal cortex (PFC) to learn rule-based (RB) category tasks in which there is one relevant sensory dimension that can be used to establish a rule for…
Descriptors: Task Analysis, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Learning Processes, Animals
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Kelly, Michelle P.; Reed, Phil – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2021
Stimulus over-selectivity is said to have occurred when only a limited subset of the total number of stimuli present during discrimination learning controls behavior, thus, restricting learning about the range, breadth, or all features of a stimulus. The current study investigated over-selectivity of 100 typically developing children, aged 3-7…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Attention Control, Visual Discrimination, Task Analysis
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Gwinn, O. Scott; Jiang, Fang – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2020
Previous studies have shown that compared to hearing individuals, early deaf individuals allocate relatively more attention to the periphery than central visual field. However, it is not clear whether these two groups also differ in their ability to selectively attend to specific peripheral locations. We examined deaf and hearing participants'…
Descriptors: Deafness, Hearing Impairments, Attention, Visual Stimuli
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Blanco, Nathaniel J.; Sloutsky, Vladimir M. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Previous research has shown that when learning categories, adults and young children allocate attention differently. Adults tend to attend selectively, focusing primarily on the most relevant information, whereas young children tend to distribute their attention broadly. Although selective attention is useful in many situations, it also has costs.…
Descriptors: Young Children, Adults, Attention, Classification
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Keilow, Maria; Holm, Anders; Friis-Hansen, Mette; Kristensen, Rune Müller – School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 2019
A main objective of classroom management (CM) is to raise students' attention to their daily academic work by creating a classroom environment that supports academic and socioemotional learning. While studies have addressed CM effects on classroom-level behaviour or students' academic outcomes, students' attention skills been largely overlooked.…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Attention, Learning, Program Effectiveness
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Menashe, Shay – Annals of Dyslexia, 2018
The aim of this study was to gain additional knowledge about the asynchrony phenomenon in developmental dyslexia, especially when spatial selective attention is manipulated. Adults with developmental dyslexia and non-impaired readers underwent two experimental tasks, one including alphabetic stimuli (pre-lexical consonant-vowel syllables) and the…
Descriptors: Adults, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Diagnostic Tests, Attention Control
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Comishen, Kyle J.; Bialystok, Ellen; Adler, Scott A. – Developmental Science, 2019
Bilingualism has been observed to influence cognitive processing across the lifespan but whether bilingual environments have an effect on selective attention and attention strategies in infancy remains an unresolved question. In Study 1, infants exposed to monolingual or bilingual environments participated in an eye-tracking cueing task in which…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Infants, Monolingualism, Eye Movements
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Andersson, Joacim; Garrison, Jim – Quest, 2016
Recently, there has been increasing pedagogical interest in the qualities and characteristics of movement. This article examines these qualities and characteristics in terms of John Dewey's distinction between abstract, linguistic "significant" meanings and concrete, embodied "imminent" meanings. Imminent meanings are comprised…
Descriptors: Philosophy, Human Body, Movement Education, Teaching Methods
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Kidd, Gerald, Jr. – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2017
Purpose: Listeners with hearing loss, as well as many listeners with clinically normal hearing, often experience great difficulty segregating talkers in a multiple-talker sound field and selectively attending to the desired "target" talker while ignoring the speech from unwanted "masker" talkers and other sources of sound. This…
Descriptors: Hearing Impairments, Assistive Technology, Attention, Auditory Perception
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