ERIC Number: EJ934060
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-May
Traumatic Brain Injury and Personality Change
Fowler, Marc; McCabe, Paul C.
Communique, v39 n7 p4, 6, 8, 10 May 2011
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death and lifelong disability in the United States for individuals below the age of 45. Current estimates from the Center for Disease Control (CDC) indicate that at least 1.4 million Americans sustain a TBI annually. TBI affects 475,000 children under age 14 each year in the United States alone. Ninety percent of patients are treated in emergency departments and released; however, more than 47,000 hospitalizations per year are a direct result of these injuries. TBI severity is defined by the duration of loss of consciousness (LOC), altered mental status (e.g., confusion), and posttraumatic amnesia (PTA). It is important to note, however, that the severity of functional impairments after TBI often is not related to the severity of the injury. Patients are classified as having a moderate-to-severe TBI if they have an LOC over 30 minutes or altered mental status greater than 24 hours. Mild TBI is defined as a blow to the head followed by an LOC of less than 30 minutes, or an altered mental status with PTA of less than 24 hours. It is often assumed that recovery from mild TBI is rapid; however, there may still be permanent damage. The prevalence of TBI is an important issue for mental health professionals. Familiarity with the biological implications that result in personality, social, and cognitive changes will empower school psychologists to help survivors adjust from both short- and long-term effects.
Descriptors: Disabilities, Neurological Impairments, School Psychologists, Incidence, Death, Personality Change, Brain, Severity (of Disability), Head Injuries, Classification, Special Needs Students
National Association of School Psychologists. 4340 East West Highway Suite 402, Bethesda, MD 20814. Tel: 301-657-0270; Fax: 301-657-0275; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.nasponline.org/publications/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A