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Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2015
This primer should provide the reader with a deeper understanding of the concept of test validity and will present the recent available validity evidence on the relationship between SAT® scores and important college outcomes. In addition, the content examined on the SAT will be discussed as well as the fundamental attention paid to the fairness of…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Validity, Scores, Outcomes of Education
Beard, Jonathan; Marini, Jessica – College Board, 2018
The continued accumulation of validity evidence for the intended uses of educational assessment scores is critical to ensuring that inferences made using the scores are sound. To that end, the College Board has continued to collect college outcome data to evaluate the relationship between SAT® scores and college success. This report provides…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Grade Point Average, College Freshmen, Institutional Characteristics
Marini, Jessica P.; Shaw, Emily J.; Young, Linda; Ng, Helen – College Board, 2018
College professors, administrators, admission officers, and other higher education leaders expect students to arrive at college ready and able to write, as it is among the most critical skills for college success. Knowing when writing is a weakness for a student and when additional instruction or support is needed is essential for advancing…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Essay Tests, Scores, Academic Achievement
Westrick, Paul A.; Marini, Jessica P.; Shmueli, Doron; Young, Linda; Shaw, Emily J.; Ng, Helen – College Board, 2020
In May 2019, College Board published the first national operational SAT® validity study on the new SAT introduced in 2016. Based on data from more than 221,000 students across 169 four-year colleges and universities, the study showed that the SAT was essentially as effective as high school grades in predicting students' college performance and…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Validity, Prediction, Grades (Scholastic)
Westrick, Paul A.; Marini, Jessica P.; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2020
This report examines the value of SAT scores for determining merit-based scholarship decisions as well as admission to highly selective academic programs such as honors programs or colleges. Results show that the SAT is a highly effective tool for predicting students' chances of earning a first-year grade point average (FYGPA) of 3.00 or higher…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Merit Scholarships, Decision Making, Competitive Selection
Westrick, Paul A.; Young, Linda; Shaw, Emily J.; Shmueli, Doron – College Board, 2020
The current study examines how the integration of SAT scores with context information about students' neighborhood and high school from the College Board's Landscape™ resource can provide institutions with a nuanced perspective on students' expected performance and retention. This allows institutions to identify incoming students that may benefit…
Descriptors: Academic Advising, Scores, School Holding Power, Academic Persistence
Marini, Jessica P.; Westrick, Paul A.; Young, Linda; Ng, Helen; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2020
This study provides an initial analysis of the validity of the SAT to predict the academic performance of students attending higher education institutions outside of the U.S. The results from these three institutions (located in India, Scotland [United Kingdom], and Lebanon, respectively) provide evidence that the SAT is indeed a strong predictor…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Validity, Predictor Variables, Academic Achievement
Marini, Jessica P.; Westrick, Paul A.; Young, Linda; Shmueli, Doron; Shaw, Emily J.; Ng, Helen – College Board, 2019
This paper presents the results of a national validity study examining relationships between new SAT Essay scores and first semester grades in English and writing courses, as well as first-year grade point average (FYGPA) in college. The sample includes more than 180,000 first-year students across 171 four-year institutions. Results show that…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Essays, Scores, College Freshmen
Marini, Jessica P.; Westrick, Paul A.; Young, Linda; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2020
Recent national research on the validity of the SAT shows that students with higher SAT scores are more likely to earn higher grades in college, and that SAT scores add about 15% more predictive power above high school grade point average (HSGPA) to estimate students' college performance (Westrick, Marini, Young, Ng, Shmueli, & Shaw, 2019).…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Validity, Test Validity, Scores
Marini, Jessica P.; Beard, Jonathan; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2018
Admission offices at colleges and universities often use SAT® scores to make decisions about applicants for their incoming class. Many institutions use prediction models to quantify a student's potential for success using various measures, including SAT scores (NACAC, 2016). In March 2016, the College Board introduced a redesigned SAT that better…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, College Admission, Knowledge Level, College Readiness
Beard, Jonathan; Marini, Jessica P. – College Board, 2015
The continued accumulation of validity evidence for the intended uses of educational assessment scores is critical to ensure that inferences made using the scores are sound. To that end, the College Board has continued to collect college outcome data to evaluate the relationship between SAT® scores and college success. This report provides updated…
Descriptors: Statistical Data, Predictive Validity, Educational Assessment, Evidence
Marini, Jessica P.; Westrick, Paul A.; Young, Linda; Ng, Helen; Shmueli, Doron; Shaw, Emily J. – College Board, 2019
This study examines the validity of the current SAT® as a predictor of first-year academic performance and retention to the second year by student and institutional subgroups across more than 223,000 students from 171 four-year institutions. Results show that institutions can feel confident using SAT scores and HSGPA for admission, scholarship,…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Test Validity, Academic Achievement, Academic Persistence
Shaw, Emily J.; Marini, Jessica P.; Beard, Jonathan; Shmueli, Doron; Young, Linda; Ng, Helen – College Board, 2016
In February of 2013, the College Board announced it would undertake a redesign of the SAT® in order to develop an assessment that better reflects the work that students will do in college, focusing on the core knowledge and skills that evidence has shown to be critical in preparation for college and career. The redesigned test will be introduced…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Construction, College Readiness, College Admission
Kobrin, Jennifer L.; Patterson, Brian F. – College Board, 2012
This study examines student performance on the SAT and SAT Subject Tests in order to identify groups of students who score differently on these two tests, and to determine whether certain demographic groups score higher on one test compared to the other. Discrepancy scores were created to capture individuals' performance differences on the…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Scores, Performance, Standardized Tests
Patterson, Brian F.; Mattern, Krista D. – College Board, 2013
The continued accumulation of validity evidence for the intended uses of educational assessments is critical to ensure that proper inferences will be made for those purposes. To that end, the College Board has continued to collect college outcome data to evaluate the relationship between SAT® scores and college success. This report provides…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Predictive Validity, Test Validity, Scores
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