ERIC Number: EJ1032634
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
The Influence of Stimulus Discriminability on Young Children's Interference Control in the Stroop-Like Happy-Sad Task
Bluell, Alexandra M.; Montgomery, Derek E.
Journal of Cognition and Development, v15 n3 p437-452 2014
The day-night paradigm, where children respond to a pair of pictures with opposite labels for a series of trials, is a widely used measure of interference control. Recent research has shown that a happy-sad variant of the day-night task was significantly more difficult than the standard day-night task. The present research examined whether the perceptual discriminability of the happy-sad task pictures impacts young children's interference control. When test card pairs were equally distinct between conditions, children performed similarly regardless of whether the happy-sad or day-night response terms were employed (Experiment 1). Two versions of the happy-sad task were administered in Experiment 2, and children experienced significantly more interference when the stimuli were perceptually similar than when they were distinct. Theoretical implications for the role attentional demands play in interference control in Stroop-like tasks for pre-readers are discussed.
Descriptors: Pictorial Stimuli, Visual Stimuli, Visual Perception, Visual Discrimination, Young Children, Interference (Learning), Psychological Patterns, Emotional Response, Statistical Analysis, Video Technology, Coding, Attention
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Stroop Color Word Test