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Walton, Katherine M. – American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 2016
This study examined risk factors for behavioral and emotional problems in 1973 siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Results revealed six correlates of sibling internalizing and externalizing problems: male gender, smaller family size, older age of the child with ASD, lower family income, child with ASD behavior problems, and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Correlation, Siblings
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Hughes, K. R.; Hogan, Abigail L.; Roberts, Jane E.; Klusek, Jessica – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Purpose: Infant siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASIBs) and infants with fragile X syndrome (FXS) are both at risk for developing autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and communication disorders; however, very few studies have examined 1 of the earliest forms of intentional communication in infants from these groups: gestures. This…
Descriptors: Infants, Genetic Disorders, Siblings, Nonverbal Communication
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Li, Zongchao; Garrison, Bruce; Ullmann, Steven G.; Kirkpatrick, Barbara; Fleming, Lora E.; Hoagland, Porter – Applied Environmental Education and Communication, 2015
This study investigated newspaper coverage of Florida red tide blooms in four metropolitan areas of Southwest Florida during a 25-year period, 1987-2012. We focused on how journalists framed red tide stories with respect to environmental risk, health risk, and economic risk. We determined risk to be a key factor in this news coverage, being an…
Descriptors: Newspapers, Current Events, Risk, News Reporting
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Taliaferro, Lindsay A.; Gloppen, Kari M.; Muehlenkamp, Jennifer J.; Eisenberg, Marla E. – Journal of LGBT Youth, 2018
To address gaps in the literature on bisexual youth, we used the first nationally representative sample of high school students from the United States to determine profiles of behaviors related to depressive symptoms, a suicide attempt, and a medically-serious attempt. We examined the data from 922 bisexual students in grades 9-12 who completed…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Homosexuality, High School Students, Depression (Psychology)
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Heaslip, Gabriel P.; Barber, Bonnie L. – Educational and Developmental Psychologist, 2017
Adolescence is a period of heightened risk-taking. Therefore it is important to investigate positive settings that can facilitate healthy adolescent development and reduce risk-taking behaviour. This study investigated the relations between non-sporting extracurricular activity participation intensity and risky behaviour. Adolescents' coping…
Descriptors: Extracurricular Activities, Adolescents, Coping, Adolescent Development
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Wolbert, Lynne; de Ruyter, Doret J.; Schinkel, Anders – Educational Theory, 2018
Parenthood can be characterized as a leap of faith; it is inevitably "risky." Here, Lynne Wolbert, Doret J. de Ruyter, and Anders Schinkel argue that this characterization of parenthood seems opposite to the current use of the concept of "risk" in contemporary educational theory and policy, which emphasizes that risk is…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Risk, Educational Theories, Educational Policy
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Ekas, Naomi V.; McDonald, Nicole M.; Pruitt, Megan M.; Messinger, Daniel S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) report concerns with child compliance. The development of compliance in 24-, 30-, and 36-month-old high-risk children with ASD outcomes (n = 21), high-risk children without ASD (n = 49), and low-risk children (n = 41) was examined. The High-Risk/ASD group showed greater passive noncompliance…
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Toddlers, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism
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Hendricker, Elise; Reinke, Wendy M. – Contemporary School Psychology, 2017
Children who exhibit early behavioral and academic difficulties are at increased risk of later negative outcomes (U.S. Department of Human and Health Services 2009). Within the school setting, conceptualization of family risk, culture, and demographic factors is needed to effectively identify at-risk families to improve child educational outcomes.…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Family Environment, Kindergarten, Low Income Groups
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Savery, Alice; Cain, Tim; Garner, Jo; Jones, Tracy; Kynaston, Emily; Mould, Kirsten; Nicholson, Laura; Proctor, Sophie; Pugh, Rosanne; Rickard, Emma; Wilson, Deborah – Education 3-13, 2017
In a climate where, it is claimed, children now spend very little time out of doors because adults fear for their safety and impose a "zero risk childhood" on them, Forest School aims to offer learners the opportunity to take "supported risks". This study investigated perceptions of risk associated with the outdoors, held by…
Descriptors: Outdoor Education, Risk, Parent Attitudes, Student Attitudes
Beghetto, Ronald A. – Educational Leadership, 2018
Being creative always involves risk, and educators need to support students in taking "beautiful risks"--actions that have the potential to make a positive, lasting contribution to other's lives. To offer such support, educators must take risks too. Beghetto describes three "beautiful risks" educators can take to foster…
Descriptors: Creativity, Risk, Teaching Methods, Success
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Olchowska-Kotala, Agnieszka – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2019
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of presenting risk on decision making and evaluations with regard to the valence (positive vs. negative) and the linguistic polarity (direct vs. indirect). Participants were presented with a message in which patients were informed about risk associated with some diagnostic medical procedures. In…
Descriptors: Risk, Decision Making, Patients, Correlation
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Holtzman, Mellisa – Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning, 2019
Risk reduction is traditionally understood as any programming that teaches potential victims how to protect themselves from an assault. In short, risk reduction educates potential victims and suggests they modify their behaviors in order to increase their own safety. But that programming focus is precisely why risk reduction is largely absent from…
Descriptors: Rape, Crime, Sexual Abuse, Prevention
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Xavier, Ana; Cunha, Marina; Pinto-Gouveia, José – Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 2019
This article aims to adapt and validate the Risk-Taking and Self-Harm Inventory for Adolescents (RTSHIA) in Portuguese. Results confirm the 2-factor structure originally proposed (risk-taking and self-harm). Both dimensions presented an adequate internal reliability and temporal stability. Convergent validity and sociodemographic differences are…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Risk, Self Destructive Behavior, Adolescents
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Gallagher, Emily K.; Dever, Bridget V.; Hochbein, Craig; DuPaul, George J. – School Mental Health, 2019
Risk for behavioral/emotional problems in adolescence is a significant predictor of negative student outcomes, including lower academic achievement and future disciplinary problems. Latinx students are often overrepresented in school disciplinary practices, highlighting the need for further research specifically within this population. Based on…
Descriptors: Hispanic American Students, Early Adolescents, Middle School Students, Middle School Teachers
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Raghavan, Ramkripa; Fallin, M. Daniele; Hong, Xiumei; Wang, Guoying; Ji, Yuelong; Stuart, Elizabeth A.; Paige, David; Wang, Xiaobin – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Emerging research suggests that adiponectin, a cytokine produced by adipose tissue, may be implicated in ASD. In this prospective birth cohort study (n = 847), we assessed the association between cord, early childhood plasma adiponectin and the risk of developing ASD. ASD was defined based on ICD codes of physician diagnosis. Cord adiponectin…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Risk, Physiology
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