ERIC Number: ED509178
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Financial Incentives and Student Achievement: Evidence from Randomized Trials. NBER Working Paper No. 15898
Fryer, Roland G., Jr.
National Bureau of Economic Research
This paper describes a series of school-based randomized trials in over 250 urban schools designed to test the impact of financial incentives on student achievement. In stark contrast to simple economic models, our results suggest that student incentives increase achievement when the rewards are given for inputs to the educational production function, but incentives tied to output are not effective. Relative to popular education reforms of the past few decades, student incentives based on inputs produce similar gains in achievement at lower costs. Qualitative data suggest that incentives for inputs may be more effective because students do not know the educational production function, and thus have little clue how to turn their excitement about rewards into achievement. Several other models, including lack of self-control, complementary inputs in production, or the unpredictability of outputs, are also consistent with the experimental data.
Descriptors: Productivity, Urban Schools, Incentives, Academic Achievement, Educational Change, Rewards, Tests, Models, Self Control
National Bureau of Economic Research. 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138-5398. Tel: 617-588-0343; Web site: http://www.nber.org
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Bureau of Economic Research
What Works Clearinghouse Reviewed: Meets Evidence Standards without Reservations
WWC Study Page: https://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/Study/67294