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Showing 16 to 30 of 554 results Save | Export
Schlueter, Ananda Lila Zoe – ProQuest LLC, 2017
This dissertation explores the relationship between the parser and the grammar in error-driven retrieval by examining the mechanism underlying the illusory licensing of subject-verb agreement violations ("agreement attraction"). Previous work motivates a two-stage model of agreement attraction in which the parser predicts the verb's…
Descriptors: Memory, Language Processing, Correlation, Grammar
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Kush, Dave; Johns, Clinton L.; Van Dyke, Julie A. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
Past studies have shown that antecedent prominence affects the processing of a pronoun, but these studies have used experimental methodologies that do not make it possible to determine at what stage(s) of pronominal resolution these effects occur. We used the speed-accuracy tradeoff procedure to investigate whether antecedent prominence affects…
Descriptors: Form Classes (Languages), Accuracy, Language Processing, College Students
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Barr, Rachel; Walker, Joanne; Gross, Julien; Hayne, Harlene – Child Development, 2014
The concept of spreading activation describes how retrieval of one memory cues retrieval of other memories that are associated with it. This study explored spreading activation in 6-, 12-, and 18-month-old infants. Infants (n = 144) learned two tasks within the same experimental session; one task, deferred imitation (DI), is typically remembered…
Descriptors: Infants, Age Differences, Memory, Cues
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Porter, Alison – Language Learning Journal, 2016
Finding ways to make language teaching practices both active and effective is of great importance for young learners. However, extending the foreign language production of young learners in instructional settings beyond the naming of objects is often challenging. The memorisation abilities of very young learners (children aged 5-7) sometimes…
Descriptors: French, Vocabulary, Nonverbal Communication, Teaching Methods
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Jones, Dylan M.; Marsh, John E.; Hughes, Robert W. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2012
We show that retrieval from semantic memory is vulnerable even to the mere presence of speech. Irrelevant speech impairs semantic fluency--namely, lexical retrieval cued by a semantic category name--but only if it is meaningful (forward speech compared to reversed speech or words compared to nonwords). Moreover, speech related semantically to the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Memory, Recall (Psychology), Vocabulary
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Ford, Jaclyn Hennessey; Addis, Donna Rose; Giovanello, Kelly S. – Neuropsychologia, 2011
Previous neuroimaging studies that have examined autobiographical memory specificity have utilized retrieval cues associated with prior searches of the event, potentially changing the retrieval processes being investigated. In the current study, musical cues were used to naturally elicit memories from multiple levels of specificity (i.e., lifetime…
Descriptors: Cues, Young Adults, Recall (Psychology), Diagnostic Tests
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Doss, Manoj K.; Bluestone, Maximilian R.; Gallo, David A. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2016
Recollection is constructive and prone to distortion, but the mechanisms through which recollections can become embellished with rich yet illusory details are still debated. According to the conceptual fluency hypothesis, abstract semantic or conceptual activation increases the familiarity of a nonstudied event, causing one to falsely attribute…
Descriptors: Recall (Psychology), Pictorial Stimuli, Misconceptions, Semantics
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Meteyard, Lotte; Bose, Arpita – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2018
Purpose: Impaired naming is one of the most common symptoms in aphasia, often treated with cued picture naming paradigms. It has been argued that semantic cues facilitate the reliable categorization of the picture, and phonological cues facilitate the retrieval of target phonology. To test these hypotheses, we compared the effectiveness of…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Cues, Pictorial Stimuli, Semantics
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Bhatia, Sudeep – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
This article examines how semantic memory processes influence the items that are considered by decision makers in memory-based preferential choice. Experiments 1A through 1C ask participants to list the choice items that come to their minds while deliberating in a variety of everyday choice settings. These experiments use semantic space models to…
Descriptors: Semantics, Preferences, Decision Making, Memory
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Polyn, Sean M.; Norman, Kenneth A.; Kahana, Michael J. – Neuropsychologia, 2009
Prior work on organization in free recall has focused on the ways in which semantic and temporal information determine the order in which material is retrieved from memory. Tulving's theory of ecphory suggests that these organizational effects arise from the interaction of a retrieval cue with the contents of memory. Using the…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Maintenance, Semantics, Recall (Psychology)
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van de Ven, Vincent; Kochs, Sarah; Smulders, Fren; De Weerd, Peter – Learning & Memory, 2017
The extent to which time is represented in memory remains underinvestigated. We designed a time paired associate task (TPAT) in which participants implicitly learned cue-time-target associations between cue-target pairs and specific cue-target intervals. During subsequent memory testing, participants showed increased accuracy of identifying…
Descriptors: Intervals, Time, Memory, Cues
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Carr, Joshua K.; Fournier, Neil M.; Lehmann, Hugo – Learning & Memory, 2016
We examined whether increasing retrieval difficulty in a spatial memory task would promote the recruitment of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) similar to what is typically observed during remote memory retrieval. Rats were trained on the hidden platform version of the Morris Water Task and tested three or 30 d later. Retrieval difficulty was…
Descriptors: Memory, Spatial Ability, Recall (Psychology), Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Lohnas, Lynn J.; Polyn, Sean M.; Kahana, Michael J. – Journal of Memory and Language, 2011
According to contextual-variability theory, experiences encoded at different times tend to be associated with different contextual states. The gradual evolution of context implies that spaced items will be associated with more distinct contextual states, and thus have more unique retrieval cues, than items presented in proximity. Ross and Landauer…
Descriptors: Cues, Recall (Psychology), Probability, Context Effect
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de Koning, Bjorn B.; Tabbers, Huib K. – Educational Psychology Review, 2011
Learners studying mechanical or technical processes via dynamic visualizations often fail to build an accurate mental representation of the system's movements. Based on embodied theories of cognition assuming that action, perception, and cognition are closely intertwined, this paper proposes that the learning effectiveness of dynamic…
Descriptors: Cues, Eye Movements, Computer Software, Visualization
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Mecklenbrauker, Silvia; Steffens, Melanie C.; Jelenec, Petra; Goergens, N. Kristine – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2011
Action-object phrases (e.g., "lift the bottle") are remembered better if they have been enacted rather than learned verbally. This enactment effect is largest in free recall for phrases with objects (e.g., "bottle") present because these phrases can be interactively encoded with those context objects ("interactive context integration") that serve…
Descriptors: Cues, Interaction, Recall (Psychology), Experimental Psychology
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