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Vandecandelaere, Machteld; Schmitt, Eric; Vanlaar, Gudrun; De Fraine, Bieke; Van Damme, Jan – Research Papers in Education, 2015
When a child does not seem to be ready for primary school, a popular practice is to grant the child more time by letting it repeat kindergarten. However, previous quasi-experimental research demonstrated negative, though diminishing, effects of kindergarten retention on academic learning during the first years of primary school. The present study…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Kindergarten, Grade Repetition, Mathematics Skills
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Wu, Wei; West, Stephen G.; Hughes, Jan N. – Journal of School Psychology, 2008
We investigated the effects of grade retention in first grade on the growth of the Woodcock-Johnson broad mathematics and reading scores over three years using linear growth curve modeling on an academically at-risk sample. A large sample (n=784) of first grade children who were at risk for retention was initially identified based on low literacy…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Reading Skills, Grade 1, Language Proficiency
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National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, 2009
One of the main policy responses to turnover and inadequate preparation among beginning teachers is supporting them with an induction program. Informal or low-intensity teacher induction programs are prevalent and include pairing each new teacher with another full-time teacher without providing training, supplemental materials, or release time for…
Descriptors: Teacher Persistence, Teacher Orientation, Program Effectiveness, Beginning Teachers
Hanushek, Eric A.; Rivkin, Steven G. – Education Working Paper Archive, 2007
Substantial uncertainty exists about the impact of school quality on the black-white achievement gap. Our results, based on both Texas Schools Project (TSP) administrative data and the Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey (ECLS), differ noticeably from other recent analyses of the black-white achievement gap by providing strong evidence that…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Academic Achievement, Racial Differences, African American Students