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Taylor, Crystal N.; Aguilar, Lisa; Burns, Matthew K.; Preast, June L.; Warmbold-Brann, Kristy – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
Teaching children too many words during a lesson reduces retention. The amount of new information a student can successfully rehearse and recall later is called acquisition rate (AR), which has been reliably measured with students in first, third, and fifth grades. The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability of assessing AR for sight…
Descriptors: Reliability, Sight Vocabulary, Teaching Methods, Elementary School Students
Achilles, Charles M. – NCPEA Publications, 2012
This brief summarizes findings on class size from over 25 years of work on the Tennessee Student Teacher Achievement Ratio (STAR) randomized, longitudinal experiment, and other Class-Size Reduction (CSR) studies throughout the United States, Australia, Hong Kong, Sweden, Great Britain, and elsewhere. The brief concludes with recommendations. The…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Class Size, Small Classes, Dropout Rate
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Petranek, Laura J.; Bolter, Nicole D.; Bell, Ken – Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 2019
Purpose: External attentional focused instructions and feedback have shown to enhance motor performance among adults, adolescents, and older children. This study examined type and frequency of instructions and feedback among younger children performing an overhand throw. Method: First graders (N = 65) were provided external or internal focused…
Descriptors: Attention, Feedback (Response), Grade 1, Physical Education
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Murray, Christy S.; Woodruff, Althea L.; Vaughn, Sharon – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2010
First-grade students from 6 Title I schools participated in this study, which used a response to intervention (RTI) framework to examine the retention of 1st-grade students. Researchers examined reading and behavior data from 3 cohorts of students (1 historical control cohort and 2 cohorts receiving tiered reading instruction) and data gathered…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Elementary School Students, At Risk Students, Grade Repetition
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Dombek, Jennifer Lucas; Connor, Carol McDonald – Psychology in the Schools, 2012
Retention is a frequently used strategy to support children who are struggling academically. However, the strategy is costly, and research findings with regard to positive outcomes are mixed. This study examined whether efficacious reading instruction might reduce rates of retention in first grade. We also evaluated the reading instruction the…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Literacy, Vocabulary Skills, Grade 1
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Garcia, Dru; Joseph, Laurice M.; Alber-Morgan, Sheila; Konrad, Moira – School Psychology Forum, 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the efficiency of an incremental rehearsal oral versus an incremental rehearsal written procedure on a sample of primary grade children's weekly spelling performance. Participants included five second and one first grader who were in need of help with their spelling according to their teachers. An…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Spelling, Grade 2, Grade 1
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Vandecandelaere, Machteld; Schmitt, Eric; Vanlaar, Gudrun; De Fraine, Bieke; Van Damme, Jan – Research Papers in Education, 2015
When a child does not seem to be ready for primary school, a popular practice is to grant the child more time by letting it repeat kindergarten. However, previous quasi-experimental research demonstrated negative, though diminishing, effects of kindergarten retention on academic learning during the first years of primary school. The present study…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Kindergarten, Grade Repetition, Mathematics Skills
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van Gorp, Karly; Segers, Eliane; Verhoeven, Ludo – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
The direct, retention, and transfer effects of repeated word and pseudoword reading were studied in a pretest, training, posttest, retention design. First graders (48 good readers, 47 poor readers) read 25 CVC words and 25 CVC pseudowords in ten repeated word reading sessions, preceded and followed by a transfer task with a different set of items.…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Word Recognition, Decoding (Reading), Grade 1
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Wu, Wei; West, Stephen G.; Hughes, Jan N. – Journal of School Psychology, 2008
We investigated the effects of grade retention in first grade on the growth of the Woodcock-Johnson broad mathematics and reading scores over three years using linear growth curve modeling on an academically at-risk sample. A large sample (n=784) of first grade children who were at risk for retention was initially identified based on low literacy…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Reading Skills, Grade 1, Language Proficiency
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Fried, Leanne; Konza, Deslea; Mulcahy, Peter – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2012
In many schools in Australia students often begin their primary years with limited preparation for reading. "All hands on deck" are required to ensure the best possible student success rate for learning to read. In this project, Education Assistants, often under-utilised in schools, were used to implement a reading intervention to…
Descriptors: Intervention, Early Reading, Reading Programs, Outcomes of Education
Jordan, Wendy Kelly – ProQuest LLC, 2012
This study examined relationships between specific data on students referred for and placed in the exceptional children's program. The context is a rural North Carolina county and included 206 records of K-6th graders spanning academic years 2007-08, 08-09 and 09-10. The kindergarten entrance ages of students were divided into categories of on…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, School Entrance Age, Referral, Student Placement
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Guevremont, Anne; Roos, Noralou P.; Brownell, Marni – Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 2007
Data from a population-based repository in Manitoba showed that students who are male, young for grade, and in Grades 1, 2, 7, and 8 were the most likely to be retained. After controlling for key student factors including socioeconomic status, school changes, and key school characteristics including stability of the student body, retention was a…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Foreign Countries, School Holding Power, Gender Differences
Gardner, Crystal Dannette – ProQuest LLC, 2010
Over the past two decades numerous studies have been done on the reading behavior of students from a content perspective as well as a program perspective (Deshler, 2001). However, very little research has been done on the retention of knowledge gained during reading interventions put in place to rectify situations in which students have not met…
Descriptors: Report Cards, Suburban Schools, Reading Difficulties, Intervention
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National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, 2009
One of the main policy responses to turnover and inadequate preparation among beginning teachers is supporting them with an induction program. Informal or low-intensity teacher induction programs are prevalent and include pairing each new teacher with another full-time teacher without providing training, supplemental materials, or release time for…
Descriptors: Teacher Persistence, Teacher Orientation, Program Effectiveness, Beginning Teachers
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Silberglitt, Benjamin; Appleton, James J.; Burns, Matthew K.; Jimerson, Shane R. – Journal of School Psychology, 2006
Grade retention is an intervention that has received increasing scrutiny as policies, practices, and results of research diverge. This longitudinal study examines the reading growth trajectories of students (n=147) from first-through eighth-grade. Hierarchical Linear Modeling (HLM) analytic procedures provide unique insights regarding the relative…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Reading Achievement, Longitudinal Studies, Intervention
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