ERIC Number: EJ1147397
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
The Body Mass Index of Adolescents Attending Seventh-Day Adventist Schools in Australia: 2001-2012
Craig, Bevan A.; Morton, Darren P.; Kent, Lillian M.; Butler, Terry L.; Rankin, Paul M.; Price, Kevin R.
Journal of School Health, v87 n8 p630-637 Aug 2017
Background: We examined the body mass index (BMI) of students attending Seventh-day Adventist (Adventist) schools in Australia in 2001 and 2012. Methods: A total of 3069 students attending Adventist schools in Australia responded to a health and lifestyle survey in 2001 (N = 1335) and 2012 (N = 1734). The survey captured self-reported height and weight, demographics (age, sex, year level, religion), and select health behaviors. Results: Compared with national norms, lower rates of overweight and obesity were observed in the study cohort, but higher rates of underweight. There was no change in the mean BMI of the students attending Adventist schools in Australia from 2001 to 2012. Regression analyses indicated that a lower BMI was associated with age, sex, more regularly eating breakfast, consuming less soft drink, and having a regular exercise program. The students reported a high consumption of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains compared with Australian national norms, and 29% claimed to be vegetarian. Conclusions: Students attending Adventist schools appear to have a lower prevalence of overweight and obesity than the secular population, but a higher prevalence of underweight. The mechanisms through which Adventist schools may influence student's BMI warrants further investigation.
Descriptors: Body Composition, Religious Cultural Groups, Foreign Countries, Health Behavior, Life Style, Student Surveys, Student Attitudes, Body Height, Body Weight, Obesity, Regression (Statistics), Eating Habits, Food, Age Differences, Gender Differences, Exercise, Incidence, Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia