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Taylor, Crystal N.; Aguilar, Lisa; Burns, Matthew K.; Preast, June L.; Warmbold-Brann, Kristy – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
Teaching children too many words during a lesson reduces retention. The amount of new information a student can successfully rehearse and recall later is called acquisition rate (AR), which has been reliably measured with students in first, third, and fifth grades. The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability of assessing AR for sight…
Descriptors: Reliability, Sight Vocabulary, Teaching Methods, Elementary School Students
Achilles, Charles M. – NCPEA Publications, 2012
This brief summarizes findings on class size from over 25 years of work on the Tennessee Student Teacher Achievement Ratio (STAR) randomized, longitudinal experiment, and other Class-Size Reduction (CSR) studies throughout the United States, Australia, Hong Kong, Sweden, Great Britain, and elsewhere. The brief concludes with recommendations. The…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Class Size, Small Classes, Dropout Rate
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Petranek, Laura J.; Bolter, Nicole D.; Bell, Ken – Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 2019
Purpose: External attentional focused instructions and feedback have shown to enhance motor performance among adults, adolescents, and older children. This study examined type and frequency of instructions and feedback among younger children performing an overhand throw. Method: First graders (N = 65) were provided external or internal focused…
Descriptors: Attention, Feedback (Response), Grade 1, Physical Education
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Murray, Christy S.; Woodruff, Althea L.; Vaughn, Sharon – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2010
First-grade students from 6 Title I schools participated in this study, which used a response to intervention (RTI) framework to examine the retention of 1st-grade students. Researchers examined reading and behavior data from 3 cohorts of students (1 historical control cohort and 2 cohorts receiving tiered reading instruction) and data gathered…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Elementary School Students, At Risk Students, Grade Repetition
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Dombek, Jennifer Lucas; Connor, Carol McDonald – Psychology in the Schools, 2012
Retention is a frequently used strategy to support children who are struggling academically. However, the strategy is costly, and research findings with regard to positive outcomes are mixed. This study examined whether efficacious reading instruction might reduce rates of retention in first grade. We also evaluated the reading instruction the…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Literacy, Vocabulary Skills, Grade 1
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Garcia, Dru; Joseph, Laurice M.; Alber-Morgan, Sheila; Konrad, Moira – School Psychology Forum, 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the efficiency of an incremental rehearsal oral versus an incremental rehearsal written procedure on a sample of primary grade children's weekly spelling performance. Participants included five second and one first grader who were in need of help with their spelling according to their teachers. An…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Spelling, Grade 2, Grade 1
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Vandecandelaere, Machteld; Schmitt, Eric; Vanlaar, Gudrun; De Fraine, Bieke; Van Damme, Jan – Research Papers in Education, 2015
When a child does not seem to be ready for primary school, a popular practice is to grant the child more time by letting it repeat kindergarten. However, previous quasi-experimental research demonstrated negative, though diminishing, effects of kindergarten retention on academic learning during the first years of primary school. The present study…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Kindergarten, Grade Repetition, Mathematics Skills
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van Gorp, Karly; Segers, Eliane; Verhoeven, Ludo – Annals of Dyslexia, 2017
The direct, retention, and transfer effects of repeated word and pseudoword reading were studied in a pretest, training, posttest, retention design. First graders (48 good readers, 47 poor readers) read 25 CVC words and 25 CVC pseudowords in ten repeated word reading sessions, preceded and followed by a transfer task with a different set of items.…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Word Recognition, Decoding (Reading), Grade 1
Jordan, Wendy Kelly – ProQuest LLC, 2012
This study examined relationships between specific data on students referred for and placed in the exceptional children's program. The context is a rural North Carolina county and included 206 records of K-6th graders spanning academic years 2007-08, 08-09 and 09-10. The kindergarten entrance ages of students were divided into categories of on…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, School Entrance Age, Referral, Student Placement
Gardner, Crystal Dannette – ProQuest LLC, 2010
Over the past two decades numerous studies have been done on the reading behavior of students from a content perspective as well as a program perspective (Deshler, 2001). However, very little research has been done on the retention of knowledge gained during reading interventions put in place to rectify situations in which students have not met…
Descriptors: Report Cards, Suburban Schools, Reading Difficulties, Intervention
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Ruffini, Stephen J.; Miskell, Ryan; Lindsay, Jim; McInerney, Maurice; Waite, Winsome – Regional Educational Laboratory Midwest, 2016
Many schools identified by states as needing improvement through their Elementary and Secondary Education Act waivers have selected Response to Intervention (RTI), a three-tiered instruction program sometimes referred to as tiered levels of instruction, as one of their main strategies for improving school performance and closing achievement gaps.…
Descriptors: Program Implementation, Fidelity, Response to Intervention, Public Schools
Eveleigh, Elisha Lynn – ProQuest LLC, 2010
Significant number of children in the United States have difficulty learning basic reading skills. The majority of children referred to school psychologists are referred for reading concerns. Unfortunately, the gap between good and poor readers widens over time as more advanced reading skills are built upon basic reading skills. Children with…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Learning Problems, Early Intervention, Teaching Methods
Hobby, Patti Tennant – ProQuest LLC, 2012
This qualitative study used an ethnographic method to investigate teachers' perceptions of reading interventions delivered in a state-funded early intervention program (EIP). Academically at-risk students struggle to meet grade-level standards year after year, even with interventions involving small group, targeted assistance. Teacher perceptions…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Reading Instruction, Early Intervention, Qualitative Research
Goos, Mieke; Van Damme, Jan; Onghena, Patrick; Petry, Katja – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2011
This study investigates the effects of repeating first grade on children's further academic growth, by tracking the actual performance and the teacher-rated performance of a cohort of Flemish first-graders until the end of elementary school. Two research questions are raised: (1) How do first-grade repeaters, at the cost of one extra year of…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Grade 2, Grade 1, Elementary Education