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Blazer, Christie – Research Services, Miami-Dade County Public Schools, 2019
This Information Capsule reviews the research conducted on elementary level grade retention. Research findings on the effect of retention on elementary students' outcomes are inconsistent. One widely accepted conclusion is that when retention occurs, it should be accompanied by additional interventions designed to increase students' academic…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Elementary School Students, Academic Achievement, Social Development
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Barrett-Tatum, Jennifer; Ashworth, Kristen; Scales, David – International Journal of Education Policy and Leadership, 2019
South Carolina's Read to Succeed Law (RTS) is different than the other 15 states' literacy-based third grade retention laws. It mandates literacy intervention training for in-service and pre-service teachers. Research indicates academic gains from retention are short-lived, diminishing over time and increasing drop-out rates. Through a statewide…
Descriptors: State Legislation, Literacy, Educational Policy, Grade 3
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Warren, John Robert; Hoffman, Emily; Andrew, Megan – Educational Researcher, 2014
Although grade retention may be consequential for a number of important educational and socioeconomic outcomes, we know surprisingly little about the actual rate at which students are made to repeat grades. We build on Hauser, Frederick, and Andrew's 2007 measure of grade retention using data from the 1995 through 2010 Current Population…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Gender Differences, Racial Differences, Ethnic Groups
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Sun, Min – AERA Open, 2018
Despite public interest and government action toward diversifying the teaching workforce in U.S. public schools, our knowledge about the retention and transfer patterns of Black teachers lacks specificity and clarity. In this study, I find that Black teachers' annual retention rate was about 4 percentage points lower than that of White teachers in…
Descriptors: African American Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Whites, Racial Differences
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Hemphill, Sheryl A.; Heerde, Jessica A.; Scholes-Balog, Kirsty E.; Herrenkohl, Todd I.; Toumbourou, John W.; Catalano, Richard F., Jr. – Journal of School Health, 2014
Background: This article examines the effect of early adolescent alcohol use on mid-adolescent school suspension, truancy, commitment, and academic failure in Washington State, United States, and Victoria, Australia. Also of interest was whether associations remain after statistically controlling for other factors known to predict school outcomes.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Adolescents, Adolescents, Drinking
Jones, Susan Uhlan – ProQuest LLC, 2018
This executive position paper (EPP) studies the influence of one Maryland public school system's implementation of a revised grading, promotion, and retention policy and the accompanying professional development to decrease the number of students proposed for retention in the same elementary grade following decades of a policy lacking procedures…
Descriptors: Grading, Student Promotion, Elementary School Students, Grade Repetition
Evans, Matthew Thomas – ProQuest LLC, 2012
Despite voluminous research on the detrimental effects of grade-level retention, it continues as a regular practice in American public schools as an intervention for struggling students. While research has been done on the roles and influences of teachers on the retention process, little has been done to measure the influence of the school…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Elementary Schools, Principals, Poverty
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LiCalsi, Christina; Ozek, Umut; Figlio, David – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Educational accountability policies are a popular tool to close the achievement gaps between advantaged and disadvantaged students. However, these policies may exacerbate inequality if families from advantaged backgrounds are better able to advocate for their children and thus circumvent policy. We investigate this possibility in the context of…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Grade Repetition, Mothers, Educational Attainment
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Taylor, Crystal N.; Aguilar, Lisa; Burns, Matthew K.; Preast, June L.; Warmbold-Brann, Kristy – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
Teaching children too many words during a lesson reduces retention. The amount of new information a student can successfully rehearse and recall later is called acquisition rate (AR), which has been reliably measured with students in first, third, and fifth grades. The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability of assessing AR for sight…
Descriptors: Reliability, Sight Vocabulary, Teaching Methods, Elementary School Students
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Craig, Bevan A.; Morton, Darren P.; Kent, Lillian M.; Butler, Terry L.; Rankin, Paul M.; Price, Kevin R. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: We examined the body mass index (BMI) of students attending Seventh-day Adventist (Adventist) schools in Australia in 2001 and 2012. Methods: A total of 3069 students attending Adventist schools in Australia responded to a health and lifestyle survey in 2001 (N = 1335) and 2012 (N = 1734). The survey captured self-reported height and…
Descriptors: Body Composition, Religious Cultural Groups, Foreign Countries, Health Behavior
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Hughes, Jan N.; West, Stephen G.; Kim, Hanjoe; Bauer, Shelby S. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
This 14-year prospective study investigated the effect of retention in Grades 1-5 on high school completion (diploma, GED, or drop out). Participants were 734 (52.7% males) ethnically diverse, academically at-risk students recruited from Texas schools into the study when they were in first grade (mean age = 6.57). Propensity score weighting…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Elementary School Students, High School Graduates, Graduation Rate
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Gibbs, Lisa; Staiger, Petra K.; Johnson, Britt; Block, Karen; Macfarlane, Susie; Gold, Lisa; Kulas, Jenny; Townsend, Mardie; Long, Caroline; Ukoumunne, Obioha – Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 2013
Objective: Evaluate achievement of the "Stephanie Alexander Kitchen Garden Program" in increasing child appreciation of diverse, healthy foods. Design: Comparative 2-year study. Setting: Six program and 6 comparison primary schools in rural and metropolitan Victoria, Australia, matched for socioeconomic status and size. Participants: A…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Elementary Schools, Foreign Countries, Gardening
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Colgate, Orla; Ginns, Paul; Bagnall, Nigel – Educational Psychology, 2017
The role parents can play in supporting early reading attainment is well documented. There is still, however, a need to understand what motivates parents to become involved in reading at home with their child. Past research, based upon correlational studies, has mixed findings regarding the influence of the teacher and the child on parents'…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Kindergarten, Grade 2, Parents
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Iddrisu, Issah – Journal of Education and Practice, 2016
The universal basic education policy enshrined in the constitution of Ghana is aimed at making education accessible and affordable for all Ghanaian citizens. This paper sought to assess whether the universal basic education policy really have an impact on access at the basic level. The study was carried out on the premise that the universal basic…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Access to Education, Foreign Countries, Gender Differences
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Pendergast, Donna; Allen, Jeanne; McGregor, Glenda; Ronksley-Pavia, Michelle – Education Sciences, 2018
The philosophy of middle level education is to intentionally create a learning environment that supports every young adolescent. The literature around engagement points to the need for students to experience (among other requirements) a sense of belonging at school (SOBAS). When the need for belonging is not achieved there may be significant…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged, Adolescents, Learner Engagement, At Risk Students
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