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Showing 1 to 15 of 103 results Save | Export
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Shephard, Elizabeth; Tye, Charlotte; Ashwood, Karen L.; Azadi, Bahar; Asherson, Philip; Bolton, Patrick F.; McLoughlin, Grainne – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Altered power of resting-state neurophysiological activity has been associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which commonly co-occur. We compared resting-state neurophysiological power in children with ASD, ADHD, co-occurring ASD + ADHD, and typically developing controls. Children with ASD…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Control Groups, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Nuske, Heather J.; Vivanti, Giacomo; Dissanayake, Cheryl – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Although the conception of autism as a disorder of abnormal resting-state physiology has a long history, the evidence remains mixed. Using state-of-the-art eye-tracking pupillometry, resting-state (tonic) pupil size was measured in children with and without autism. No group differences in tonic pupil size were found, and tonic pupil size was not…
Descriptors: Physiology, Autism, Eye Movements, Children
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Barnes, Jessica J.; Woolrich, Mark W.; Baker, Kate; Colclough, Giles L.; Astle, Duncan E. – Developmental Science, 2016
Functional connectivity is the statistical association of neuronal activity time courses across distinct brain regions, supporting specific cognitive processes. This coordination of activity is likely to be highly important for complex aspects of cognition, such as the communication of fluctuating task goals from higher-order control regions to…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Children, Brain, Cognitive Processes
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Müller, Barbara C. N.; Marx, Anton K. G.; Paulus, Markus; Meinhardt, Jörg – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2018
The achievement motive is one of the core motives of human behavior and can be divided into two motives: an approach motive (i.e., hope for success [HS]), and an avoidance motive (i.e., fear of failure [FF]). Research has demonstrated that frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) asymmetry in the alpha frequency band is an important marker for…
Descriptors: Diagnostic Tests, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Correlation, Scores
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Davis, Katie; Margolis, Amy E.; Thomas, Lauren; Huo, Zhiyong; Marsh, Rachel – Developmental Science, 2018
Pediatric reading disorder (RD) is associated with an increased risk of anxiety symptoms, yet understudied are the neurobiological factors that might underlie anxiety in children with RD. Given the role of the amygdala in anxiety, we assessed resting state functional connectivity of amygdalar subregions in children with RD to identify functional…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Risk, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Jaime, Mark; McMahon, Camilla M.; Davidson, Bridget C.; Newell, Lisa C.; Mundy, Peter C.; Henderson, Heather A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Although prior studies have demonstrated reduced resting state EEG coherence in adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), no studies have explored the nature of EEG coherence during joint attention. We examined the EEG coherence of the joint attention network in adolescents with and without ASD during congruent and incongruent joint attention…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Brain, Attention
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Zhu, Wenfeng; Yang, Wenjing; Qiu, Jiang; Tian, Fang; Chen, Qunlin; Cao, Guikang; Zhang, Qinglin; Ming, Dan – Creativity Research Journal, 2019
Evidence from a range of fields shows that representation-connection (RC) is the key step towards the solution of a real-world insight problem. However, no study has focused on the inter-individual variability in RC, and little is known about whether structural and resting-state functional signals can account for inter-individual differences in…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Brain, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Problem Solving
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Hoffmann, Ferdinand; Koehne, Svenja; Steinbeis, Nikolaus; Dziobek, Isabel; Singer, Tania – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) shows deficits in self-other distinction during theory of mind (ToM). Here we investigated whether ASD patients also show difficulties in self-other distinction during empathy and if potential deficits are linked to dysfunctional resting-state connectivity patterns. In a first study, ASD patients and controls…
Descriptors: Empathy, Autism, Integrity, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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van Buuren, Mariët; Wagner, Isabella C.; Fernández, Guillén – Learning & Memory, 2019
Intrinsic network interactions may underlie individual differences in the ability to remember. The default mode network (DMN) comprises subnetworks implicated in memory, and interactions between the DMN and frontoparietal network (FPN) were shown to support mnemonic processing. However, it is unclear if such interactions during resting-state…
Descriptors: Memory, Individual Differences, Interaction, Brain
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Yang, Jie; Lee, Jonathan – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Previous studies have found that individuals with autism spectrum disorders show impairments in mentalizing processes and aberrant brain activity compared with typically developing participants. However, the findings are mainly from male participants and the aberrant effects in autism spectrum disorder females and sex differences are still…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Gender Differences, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Perone, Sammy; Palanisamy, Jeeva; Carlson, Stephanie M. – Developmental Science, 2018
The connection between brain rhythms at rest and cognition remains poorly understood. This is especially true during early childhood in which neuroimaging data are relatively scarce. We developed a new method for collecting eyes closed and eyes open resting state electroencephalography (EEG) suitable for young children. We report results…
Descriptors: Brain, Young Children, Executive Function, Early Childhood Education
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Gordon, Evan M.; Lee, Philip S.; Maisog, Jose M.; Foss-Feig, Jennifer; Billington, Michael E.; VanMeter, John; Vaidya, Chandan J. – Developmental Science, 2011
A default mode network of brain regions is known to demonstrate coordinated activity during the resting state. While the default mode network is well characterized in adults, few investigations have focused upon its development. We scanned 9-13-year-old children with diffusion tensor imaging and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging.…
Descriptors: Investigations, Integrity, Brain, Children
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Li, Weiwei; Yang, Wenjing; Li, Wenfu; Li, Yadan; Wei, Dongtao; Li, Huimin; Qiu, Jiang; Zhang, Qinglin – Creativity Research Journal, 2015
Creative persons play an important role in technical innovation and social progress. There is little research on the neural correlates with researchers with high academic achievement. We used a combined structural (regional gray matter volume, rGMV) and functional (resting-state functional connectivity analysis, rsFC) approach to examine the…
Descriptors: Brain, Creativity, College Faculty, High Achievement
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Hegarty, John P., II; Weber, Dylan J.; Cirstea, Carmen M.; Beversdorf, David Q. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Atypical functional connectivity (FC) and an imbalance of excitation-to-inhibition (E/I) have been previously reported in cerebro-cerebellar circuits in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The current investigation used resting state fMRI and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ([superscript 1]H-MRS) to examine the relationships between E/I…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Diagnostic Tests, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Laird, Angela R.; Fox, P. Mickle; Eickhoff, Simon B.; Turner, Jessica A.; Ray, Kimberly L.; McKay, D. Reese; Glahn, David C.; Beckmann, Christian F.; Smith, Stephen M.; Fox, Peter T. – Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2011
An increasingly large number of neuroimaging studies have investigated functionally connected networks during rest, providing insight into human brain architecture. Assessment of the functional qualities of resting state networks has been limited by the task-independent state, which results in an inability to relate these networks to specific…
Descriptors: Brain, Neurological Organization, Cognitive Processes, Behavior
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