ERIC Number: EJ766123
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-May
Conceptualizing Parental Autonomy Support: Adolescent Perceptions of Promotion of Independence versus Promotion of Volitional Functioning
Soenens, Bart; Vansteenkiste, Maarten; Lens, Willy; Luyckx, Koen; Goossens, Luc; Beyers, Wim; Ryan, Richard M.
Developmental Psychology, v43 n3 p633-646 May 2007
In current research on parenting, 2 ways of conceptualizing perceived parental autonomy support can be distinguished. Parental autonomy support can be defined in terms of promotion of independence (PI) or in terms of promotion of volitional functioning (PVF). This study aimed to establish the empirical distinctiveness of both conceptualizations and to examine their relative contribution to the prediction of adolescents' adjustment. The authors conducted 3 studies, 2 which sampled late adolescents (N = 396, mean age = 18.70 years, 79% female; and N = 495, mean age = 19.30 years, 74% female, respectively) and 1 which sampled middle adolescents (N = 153, mean age = 15.12 years, 70% female). Factor analyses pointed to the distinction between perceived PVF and PI. Structural equation modeling (SEM) indicated that whereas perceived PVF uniquely predicted adjustment (ps less than 0.01), perceived PI did not (ps greater than 0.05). SEM also demonstrated that adolescents' self-determined functioning significantly mediates the relationship between perceived parental PVF and adjustment (ps less than 0.001). Results are discussed in terms of the type of autonomy that parents might want to facilitate among their adolescents to foster well-being.
Descriptors: Adolescents, Structural Equation Models, Personal Autonomy, Parent Child Relationship, Late Adolescents, Factor Analysis, Adjustment (to Environment), Predictor Variables, Individual Power, Decision Making, Adolescent Attitudes, Child Rearing, Males, Females
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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