ERIC Number: EJ1168755
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Racial/Ethnic Test Score Gaps and the Urban Continuum
Gagnon, Douglas J.; Mattingly, Marybeth J.
Journal of Research in Rural Education, v33 n2 2018
Research is just beginning to describe with precision determinants of racial and ethnic achievement gaps. Work by Reardon, Kalogrides, and Shores found that factors such as parental income, parental education, and segregation are the strongest predictors of achievement gaps. In this study we expand this line of inquiry to examine the role of urbanicity. Given the considerable historical, cultural, economic, and educational differences between city and rural locales, there is reason to suspect that the forces which shape their achievement gaps are different as well. We examine White-Black and White-Hispanic test gaps across thousands of Local Education Agencies (LEAs), finding that rural LEAs have White-Black and White-Hispanic achievement gaps 16% and 22% smaller, respectively, than those found in city schools. Moreover, socioeconomic factors have a different relationship to gaps in more rural as opposed to more urban places.
Descriptors: Racial Differences, Ethnicity, Scores, Achievement Gap, Urban Environment, Performance Factors, School Districts, Socioeconomic Influences, Demography, Rural Urban Differences, Academic Achievement, Predictor Variables, White Students, Hispanic American Students, African American Students, Elementary Secondary Education, Multivariate Analysis, Regression (Statistics), Statistical Analysis, Least Squares Statistics
Penn State University College of Education, Center on Rural Education and Communities. 310B Rackley Building, University Park, PA 16802. Tel: 814-863-2031; Web site: http://www.jrre.psu.edu/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A