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Showing 46 to 60 of 222 results Save | Export
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Steinbrink, Claudia; Klatte, Maria – Dyslexia, 2008
Deficits in verbal short-term memory have been identified as one factor underlying reading and spelling disorders. However, the nature of this deficit is still unclear. It has been proposed that poor readers make less use of phonological coding, especially if the task can be solved through visual strategies. In the framework of Baddeley's…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Recall (Psychology), Spelling, Reading Difficulties
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Nicolucci, Sandra – Music Educators Journal, 2010
This article focuses on the nature of the "transitional minutes" in "any" music class. When transitional minutes before, during, and after rehearsals and classes are unplanned and left to chance, much viable and valuable teaching time is lost. When transitional minutes are well structured, learning can proceed efficiently. One…
Descriptors: Music Education, Music, Serial Ordering, Short Term Memory
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Benfield, Jacob A.; Bell, Paul A.; Troup, Lucy J.; Soderstrom, Nick – Environment and Behavior, 2010
Research on noise shows that a variety of effects including stress, annoyance, and performance decrements exist for certain types of sounds. Noise interferes with cognitive ability by overloading the attentional system or simply distracting from efficient encoding or rehearsal, but very little research has extended those findings to recreation or…
Descriptors: Parks, Memory, Cognitive Ability, Acoustics
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Tremblay, Sebastien; Saint-Aubin, Jean – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2009
In the present study, the authors offer a window onto the mechanisms that drive the Hebb repetition effect through the analysis of eye movement and recall performance. In a spatial serial recall task in which sequences of dots are to be remembered in order, when one particular series is repeated every 4 trials, memory performance markedly improves…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Repetition, Recall (Psychology), Sequential Learning
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Verkoeijen, Peter P. J. L.; Delaney, Peter F. – Journal of Memory and Language, 2008
The "spacing effect" is the commonly observed phenomenon that memory for spaced repetitions is better than memory for massed repetitions. To further investigate the role of rehearsal in spacing effects, three experiments were conducted. With pure lists we found spacing effects in free recall when spacing intervals were relatively long (Experiments…
Descriptors: Intervals, Memory, Recall (Psychology), Correlation
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Bancroft, Tyler D.; Hockley, William E.; Farquhar, Riley – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2013
The effects of the duration of remember and forget cues were examined to test the differential rehearsal account of item-based directed forgetting. In Experiments 1 and 2, cues were shown for 300, 600, or 900 ms, and a directed forgetting effect (better recognition of remember than forget items) was found at each duration. In addition, recognition…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Memory, Cues, College Students
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Oberauer, Klaus; Lewandowsky, Stephan – Psychological Review, 2008
Three hypotheses of forgetting from immediate memory were tested: time-based decay, decreasing temporal distinctiveness, and interference. The hypotheses were represented by 3 models of serial recall: the primacy model, the SIMPLE (scale-independent memory, perception, and learning) model, and the SOB (serial order in a box) model, respectively.…
Descriptors: Recall (Psychology), Serial Learning, Hypothesis Testing, Models
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Ward, Geoff; Tan, Lydia – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2004
In 3 experiments, the authors investigated the effects of to-be-remembered (TBR) and intervening list length on free recall to determine whether selective rehearsal could explain the previous finding that recall was affected only by TBR list length. In Experiments 1 (covert rehearsal) and 2 (overt rehearsal), participants saw 5- and 20-word lists…
Descriptors: Memory, Serial Learning, Memorization
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Hubbard, Timothy L. – Psychological Bulletin, 2010
The empirical literature on auditory imagery is reviewed. Data on (a) imagery for auditory features (pitch, timbre, loudness), (b) imagery for complex nonverbal auditory stimuli (musical contour, melody, harmony, tempo, notational audiation, environmental sounds), (c) imagery for verbal stimuli (speech, text, in dreams, interior monologue), (d)…
Descriptors: Verbal Stimuli, Auditory Stimuli, Schizophrenia, Auditory Discrimination
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Laming, Donald – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2006
This article reports some calculations on free-recall data from B. Murdock and J. Metcalfe (1978), with vocal rehearsal during the presentation of a list. Given the sequence of vocalizations, with the stimuli inserted in their proper places, it is possible to predict the subsequent sequence of recalls--the predictions taking the form of a…
Descriptors: Probability, Stimuli, Recall (Psychology), Prediction
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M. Purser, H.R.; Jarrold, C. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2005
Individuals with Down syndrome suffer from relatively poor verbal short-term memory. Recent work has indicated that this deficit is not caused by problems of audition, speech, or articulatory rehearsal within the phonological loop component of Baddeley and Hitch's working memory model. Given this, two experiments were conducted to investigate…
Descriptors: Down Syndrome, Short Term Memory
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Humphreys, Michael S.; Maguire, Angela M.; McFarlane, Kimberley A.; Burt, Jennifer S.; Bolland, Scott W.; Murray, Krista L.; Dunn, Ryan – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2010
We examined associative and item recognition using the maintenance rehearsal paradigm. Our intent was to control for mnemonic strategies; to produce a low, graded level of learning; and to provide evidence of the role of attention in long-term memory. An advantage for low-frequency words emerged in both associative and item recognition at very low…
Descriptors: Cues, Familiarity, Short Term Memory, Recognition (Psychology)
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Lewandowsky, Stephan; Brown, Gordon D. A.; Wright, Tarryn; Nimmo, Lisa M. – Journal of Memory and Language, 2006
According to temporal distinctiveness models, items that are temporally isolated from their neighbors during list presentation are more distinct and thus should be recalled better. Event-based theories, by contrast, deny that time plays a role at encoding and predict no beneficial effect of temporal isolation, although they acknowledge that a…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Recall (Psychology), Simulation, Cognitive Processes
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Delaney, P.F.; Knowles, M.E. – Journal of Memory and Language, 2005
Memory for repeated items often improves when repetitions are separated by other items-a phenomenon called the spacing effect. In two experiments, we explored the complex interaction between study strategies, serial position, and spacing effects. When people studied several unmixed lists, they initially used mainly rote rehearsal, but some people…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Serial Ordering, Mnemonics, Learning Strategies
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Hagen, John W.; And Others – Child Development, 1973
Results confirm an earlier finding that experimentally induced rehearsal facilitates recall. (Authors/CS)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Memory, Performance Factors, Primary Education
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