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Owen, John D. – Monthly Labor Review, 1988
Available data indicate that, although the United States once pioneered in providing reduced working time for workers, achieving a 40-hour workweek well in advance of most other industrial nations, Western Europe has now caught up and passed the United States in this respect. (Author)
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Fringe Benefits, Personnel Policy, Working Hours
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Donaldson, Morgaen L.; Johnson, Susan Moore; Kirkpatrick, Cheryl L.; Marinell, William H.; Steele, Jennifer L.; Szczesiul, Stacy Agee – Teachers College Record, 2008
Background/Context: Increasingly, instructional reforms in US schools place teachers in differentiated roles, such as literacy coach or data analyst. Not only do these roles hold promise for reforming instruction, but they also may make the teaching career more rewarding by offering teachers new challenges over time. In the past, teachers who held…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Educational Change, Metropolitan Areas, Teacher Role
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Hill, M. Anne; O'Neill, June – Journal of Human Resources, 1994
Children's scores on the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test were influenced by mothers' schooling, grandparents' schooling, and family size. Increases in mothers' working hours negatively affected children's achievement. Welfare dependence reduced test scores, largely due to transmission of an underclass heritage of low achievement. (Author/SK)
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Development, Educational Attitudes, Employed Women
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van Ginneken, Wouter – International Labour Review, 1984
Analyzes the impact of a reduced work week on employment, productivity, wages, investment, economic growth, inflation, and government deficits. Concludes that reducing working hours would have greater effect if accompanied by wage reductions and limitation of overtime, but would not affect underlying causes of unemployment. (SK)
Descriptors: Models, Productivity, Unemployment, Working Hours
Blai, Boris – 1988
Many creative or flexible work scheduling options are becoming available to the many working parents, students, handicapped persons, elderly individuals, and others who are either unable or unwilling to work a customary 40-hour work week. These options may be broadly categorized as either restructured or reduced work time options. The three main…
Descriptors: Employment Patterns, Flexible Working Hours, Job Sharing, Leaves of Absence
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Stier, Haya – Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 1998
Jewish Israeli women (n=6,018) were more likely to leave reduced-hour or part-time jobs than full-time jobs. New mothers were more likely to move to reduced-hour or part-time work. Women in female-dominated or peripheral occupations were more likely to reduce hours or quit. In the long term, part-time work was disadvantageous to women. (SK)
Descriptors: Employed Women, Employment Patterns, Foreign Countries, Mothers
US Department of Education, 2004
The FSA Five-Year Strategic Plan is a roadmap for FY 2004-2008 that identifies five long-range strategic objectives, tactical short-term goals, and performance management initiatives. In working toward the goals outlined in the plan, FSA will address a number of key challenges, including legacy system migration, business process re-engineering,…
Descriptors: Student Financial Aid, Federal Programs
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Greenwald, Carol S. – 1974
Over the last decade, part-time employment of adult women has grown twice as fast as full-time employment. The most rapid gains in labor force participation rates of women have occurred among wives under 35, and especially among those with children under 6. At the other end of the age range, part-time employment is also a very desirable option.…
Descriptors: Employed Parents, Employment Opportunities, Females, Flexible Working Hours
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Swanberg, Jennifer E.; Pitt-Catsouphes, Marcie; Drescher-Burke, Krista – Journal of Family Issues, 2005
Within an organizational justice framework, this article investigates which group of employees are less likely to have access to flexible schedule options. Using data from the 1997 National Study of the Changing Workforce, logistical regressions were conducted to identify the employee, job, and workplace factors associated with limited access to…
Descriptors: Wages, Working Hours, Employment Practices
Yeh, Stuart S. – IAP - Information Age Publishing, Inc., 2011
As a consequence of the federal "No Child Left Behind" (NCLB) law, there is tremendous pressure on school principals, teachers, school superintendents, district staff, state departments of education and governors to maximize the increase in student achievement that is obtained with every dollar of expenditure. Currently, teachers are…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Elementary Secondary Education, Social Influences, Cost Effectiveness
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Ribar, David C.; Edelhoch, Marilyn; Liu, Qiduan – Journal of Human Resources, 2008
We use administrative data to examine how "clock" policies--program time limits and recurring deadlines for confirming eligibility--affected participation in South Carolina's TANF and Food Stamp Programs from 1996-2003. South Carolina's TANF program limits most families to two years of benefits in any ten-year period; so, recipients…
Descriptors: Intervals, Eligibility, Welfare Services, Welfare Recipients
Rector, Robert E.; Hederman, Rea S., Jr. – 2003
This report analyzes the relationship between parental employment and child poverty using two measures of income: money income, which includes most cash received by the family but excludes a wide range of welfare aid, and expanded measures of income, which includes food stamps, the Earned Income Tax Credit, and school lunch subsidies. This measure…
Descriptors: Child Welfare, Employed Parents, Employment Patterns, Family Income
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Swanberg, Jennifer E.; Pitt-Catsouphes, Marcie; Drescher-Burke, Krista – Journal of Family Issues, 2005
Within an organizational justice framework, this article investigates which group of employees are less likely to have access to flexible schedule options. Using data from the 1997 National Study of the Changing Workforce, logistical regressions were conducted to identify the employee, job, and workplace factors associated with limited access to…
Descriptors: Wages, Employees, Working Hours, Employment Practices
Smith, G.; Seccombe, I. – 1998
A national survey of registered nurses and analysis of official statistics provided an overview of the dimensions and dynamics of the labor market for nurses in the United Kingdom. Findings indicated the following: enrollment in preregistration nurse training courses decreased by 27 percent over the 1990s; initial entries to the UK Central Council…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Developed Nations, Family Caregivers, Family Work Relationship
Holden, Karen C.; And Others – 1981
Pre-Retirement Work Options is a demonstration project designed to develop and test alternative employment patterns for older workers in the Wisconsin Civil Service System. The program ws evaluated to determine the interest of older state workers in reducing their work hours prior to retirement as well as the impact of that reduction for those who…
Descriptors: Attitude Measures, Employee Attitudes, Employment Patterns, Gerontology
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