ERIC Number: EJ730431
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Mar
Infant Visual Recognition Memory
Rose, Susan A.; Feldman, Judith F.; Jankowski, Jeffery J.
Developmental Review, v24 n1 p74-100 Mar 2004
Visual recognition memory is a robust form of memory that is evident from early infancy, shows pronounced developmental change, and is influenced by many of the same factors that affect adult memory; it is surprisingly resistant to decay and interference. Infant visual recognition memory shows (a) modest reliability, (b) good discriminant validity, with performance depressed by numerous peri-natal risk factors, including teratogens and premature birth, (c) good predictive validity, relating to broad cognitive abilities in later childhood, including IQ and language, and (d) significant cross-age continuity, relating to memory in later childhood (through at least 11 years). Infant visual recognition memory is related to, and may be to some extent accounted for by, processing speed, forgetting, and certain aspects of attention (particularly look duration and shift rate). There is growing evidence that infant recognition memory may be an early form of declarative memory that depends on structures in the medial temporal lobe.
Descriptors: Infants, Developmental Stages, Visual Stimuli, Cognitive Processes, Individual Differences, Brain, Cognitive Ability, Attention, Intelligence, Recognition (Psychology), Long Term Memory, Short Term Memory
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
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