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Gamiz, Fernando; Gallo, Milagros – Learning & Memory, 2012
Previous work on the effect of aging on spontaneous object recognition (SOR) memory tasks in rats has yielded controversial results. Although the results at long-retention intervals are consistent, conflicting results have been reported at shorter delays. We have assessed the potential relevance of the type of object used in the performance of…
Descriptors: Recognition (Psychology), Animals, Aging (Individuals), Task Analysis
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Anzures, Gizelle; Pascalis, Olivier; Quinn, Paul C.; Slater, Alan M.; Lee, Kang – Infancy, 2011
An abundance of experience with own-race faces and limited to no experience with other-race faces has been associated with better recognition memory for own-race faces in infants, children, and adults. This study investigated the developmental origins of this other-race effect (ORE) by examining the role of a salient perceptual property of…
Descriptors: Infants, Recognition (Psychology), Visual Perception, Racial Differences
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Barr, Rachel; Walker, Joanne; Gross, Julien; Hayne, Harlene – Child Development, 2014
The concept of spreading activation describes how retrieval of one memory cues retrieval of other memories that are associated with it. This study explored spreading activation in 6-, 12-, and 18-month-old infants. Infants (n = 144) learned two tasks within the same experimental session; one task, deferred imitation (DI), is typically remembered…
Descriptors: Infants, Age Differences, Memory, Cues
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Lind, Sophie E.; Bowler, Dermot M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2009
This study investigated semantic and episodic memory in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), using a task which assessed recognition and self-other source memory. Children with ASD showed undiminished recognition memory but significantly diminished source memory, relative to age- and verbal ability-matched comparison children. Both children with and…
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Recognition (Psychology), Memory
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Ratcliff, Roger; Starns, Jeffrey J. – Psychological Review, 2009
A new model for confidence judgments in recognition memory is presented. In the model, the match between a single test item and memory produces a distribution of evidence, with better matches corresponding to distributions with higher means. On this match dimension, confidence criteria are placed, and the areas between the criteria under the…
Descriptors: Recognition (Psychology), Models, Test Items, Reaction Time
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Potts, Rosalind; Davies, Gabriella; Shanks, David R. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
Guessing translations of foreign words ("hodei?"), before viewing corrective feedback ("hodei-cloud"), leads to better subsequent memory for correct translations than studying intact pairs ("hodei-cloud"), even when guesses are always incorrect (Potts & Shanks, 2014), but the mechanism underlying this effect is…
Descriptors: Translation, Feedback (Response), Memory, Cognitive Processes
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Mecklinger, Axel; Brunnemann, Nicole; Kipp, Kerstin – Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2011
We examined the ERP correlates of familiarity and recollection and their development in 8- to 10-year-old children and a control group of young adults. Capitalizing on the different temporal dynamics of familiarity and recollection, we tested recognition memory in both groups with a speeded and nonspeeded response condition. Consistent with the…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Familiarity, Young Adults, Recognition (Psychology)
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Hanczakowski, Maciej; Zawadzka, Katarzyna; Collie, Harriet; Macken, Bill – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
Feeling-of-knowing (FOK) judgments are judgments of future recognizability of currently inaccessible information. They are known to depend both on the access to partial information about a target of retrieval and on the familiarity of the cue that is used as a memory probe. In the present study we assessed whether FOK judgments could also be…
Descriptors: Memory, Evaluative Thinking, Recognition (Psychology), Context Effect
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Sprondel, Volker; Kipp, Kerstin H.; Mecklinger, Axel – Child Development, 2011
Event-related potential (ERP) correlates of item and source memory were assessed in 18 children (7-8 years), 20 adolescents (13-14 years), and 20 adults (20-29 years) performing a continuous recognition memory task with object and nonobject stimuli. Memory performance increased with age and was particularly low for source memory in children. The…
Descriptors: Evidence, Familiarity, Adolescents, Recognition (Psychology)
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Kirwan, C. Brock; Hartshorn, Andrew; Stark, Shauna M.; Goodrich-Hunsaker, Naomi J.; Hopkins, Ramona O.; Stark, Craig E. L. – Neuropsychologia, 2012
Computational models of hippocampal function propose that the hippocampus is capable of rapidly storing distinct representations through a process known as pattern separation. This prediction is supported by electrophysiological data from rodents and neuroimaging data from humans. Here, we test the prediction that damage to the hippocampus would…
Descriptors: Prediction, Patients, Recognition (Psychology), Computation
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Sibuma, Bernadette – Journal of Interactive Learning Research, 2012
This study integrates agent research with a neurocognitive technique to study how character faces affect cognitive processing. The N170 event-related potential (ERP) was used to study face processing during simple decision-making tasks. Twenty-five adults responded to facial expressions (fear/neutral) presented in three designs…
Descriptors: Adults, Human Body, Recognition (Psychology), Visual Discrimination
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Freeman, Emily; Heathcote, Andrew; Chalmers, Kerry; Hockley, William – Journal of Memory and Language, 2010
We investigate the effects of word characteristics on episodic recognition memory using analyses that avoid Clark's (1973) "language-as-a-fixed-effect" fallacy. Our results demonstrate the importance of modeling word variability and show that episodic memory for words is strongly affected by item noise (Criss & Shiffrin, 2004), as measured by the…
Descriptors: Recognition (Psychology), Word Frequency, Language Processing, Memory
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Miller, Jeremy K.; Lloyd, Marianne E.; Westerman, Deanne L. – Journal of Memory and Language, 2008
Previous research has shown that illusions of recognition memory based on enhanced perceptual fluency are sensitive to the perceptual match between the study and test phases of an experiment. The results of the current study strengthen that conclusion, as they show that participants will not interpret enhanced perceptual fluency as a sign of…
Descriptors: Recognition (Psychology), Memory, Perception, Cognitive Processes
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Cornett, Kelly A.; Miora, Deborah S.; Fass, Tracy; Dixon, Dennis – Journal of Applied Research on Children, 2013
Several researchers have hypothesized a deficit in memory processing to exist in children with a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This hypothesis has been supported by findings of deficient recall and recognition ability in children with ASD. Specifically, research has pointed to greater deficits in their ability to recall events…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Memory, Recall (Psychology)
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Heit, Evan; Hayes, Brett K. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2011
In an effort to assess the relations between reasoning and memory, in 8 experiments, the authors examined how well responses on an inductive reasoning task are predicted from responses on a recognition memory task for the same picture stimuli. Across several experimental manipulations, such as varying study time, presentation frequency, and the…
Descriptors: Visual Stimuli, Mathematical Models, Recognition (Psychology), Memory
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