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Sibuma, Bernadette – Journal of Interactive Learning Research, 2012
This study integrates agent research with a neurocognitive technique to study how character faces affect cognitive processing. The N170 event-related potential (ERP) was used to study face processing during simple decision-making tasks. Twenty-five adults responded to facial expressions (fear/neutral) presented in three designs…
Descriptors: Adults, Human Body, Recognition (Psychology), Visual Discrimination
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Cohen, Henri; Gagne, Marie-Helene; Hess, Ursula; Pourcher, Emmanuelle – Brain and Cognition, 2010
The neuropsychological literature on the processing of emotions in Parkinson's disease (PD) reveals conflicting evidence about the role of the basal ganglia in the recognition of facial emotions. Hence, the present study had two objectives. One was to determine the extent to which the visual processing of emotions and objects differs in PD. The…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Diseases, Patients, Cognitive Processes
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Emmorey, Karen; McCullough, Stephen – Brain and Language, 2009
Bimodal bilinguals are hearing individuals who know both a signed and a spoken language. Effects of bimodal bilingualism on behavior and brain organization are reviewed, and an fMRI investigation of the recognition of facial expressions by ASL-English bilinguals is reported. The fMRI results reveal separate effects of sign language and spoken…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Sign Language, Oral Language, Brain
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Anzures, Gizelle; Kelly, David J.; Pascalis, Olivier; Quinn, Paul C.; Slater, Alan M.; de Viviés, Xavier; Lee, Kang – Developmental Psychology, 2014
We used a matching-to-sample task and manipulated facial pose and feature composition to examine the other-race effect (ORE) in face identity recognition between 5 and 10 years of age. Overall, the present findings provide a genuine measure of own- and other-race face identity recognition in children that is independent of photographic and image…
Descriptors: Recognition (Psychology), Race, Human Body, Children
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Strauss, Mark S.; Newell, Lisa C.; Best, Catherine A.; Hannigen, Sarah F.; Gastgeb, Holly Zajac; Giovannelli, Joyce L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
While much research has examined the development of facial recognition abilities, less is known about the ability of individuals with and without autism to categorize facial gender. The current study tested gender categorization abilities in high-functioning children (5-7 and 8-12 years), adolescents (13-17 years), and adults (18-53 years) with…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Autism, Classification, Gender Differences
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Zhao, Mintao; Bülthoff, Isabelle – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
Humans' face ability develops and matures with extensive experience in perceiving, recognizing, and interacting with faces that move most of the time. However, how facial movements affect 1 core aspect of face ability--holistic face processing--remains unclear. Here we investigated the influence of rigid facial motion on holistic and part-based…
Descriptors: Human Body, Visual Perception, Motion, Holistic Approach
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Hopkins, Ingrid Maria; Gower, Michael W.; Perez, Trista A.; Smith, Dana S.; Amthor, Franklin R.; Wimsatt, F. Casey; Biasini, Fred J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2011
This study assessed the efficacy of "FaceSay," a computer-based social skills training program for children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). This randomized controlled study (N = 49) indicates that providing children with low-functioning autism (LFA) and high functioning autism (HFA) opportunities to practice attending to eye gaze,…
Descriptors: Intervention, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Social Development
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Whittington, J.; Holland, T. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2011
Background: People with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) may have mild intellectual impairments but less is known about their social cognition. Most parents/carers report that people with PWS do not have normal peer relationships, although some have older or younger friends. Two specific aspects of social cognition are being able to recognise other…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Mild Mental Retardation, Social Cognition, Fear
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Leonard, Hayley C.; Annaz, Dagmara; Karmiloff-Smith, Annette; Johnson, Mark H. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2013
Previous research into face processing in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has revealed atypical biases toward particular facial information during identity recognition. Specifically, a focus on features (or high spatial frequencies [HSFs]) has been reported for both face and nonface processing in ASD. The current study investigated the development…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Spatial Ability, Children
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Virji-Babul, Naznin; Watt, Kimberley; Nathoo, Farouk; Johnson, Peter – Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, 2012
Research on facial expressions in individuals with Down syndrome (DS) has been conducted using photographs. Our goal was to examine the effect of motion on perception of emotional expressions. Adults with DS, adults with typical development matched for chronological age (CA), and children with typical development matched for developmental age (DA)…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Cues, Age, Nonverbal Communication
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Reinvall, Outi; Voutilainen, Arja; Kujala, Teija; Korkman, Marit – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
There is a paucity of research studying comprehensive neurocognitive profiles of adolescents with higher functioning autism spectrum disorders (ASD). This study compared the neurocognitive profiles of higher functioning adolescents with ASD (n = 30, mean age 13.5) with that of typically developing adolescents (n = 30; mean age 13.7). Adolescents…
Descriptors: Profiles, Adolescents, Autism, Recognition (Psychology)
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Turati, Chiara; Montirosso, Rosario; Brenna, Viola; Ferrara, Veronica; Borgatti, Renato – Infancy, 2011
Recent studies demonstrated that in adults and children recognition of face identity and facial expression mutually interact (Bate, Haslam, & Hodgson, 2009; Spangler, Schwarzer, Korell, & Maier-Karius, 2010). Here, using a familiarization paradigm, we explored the relation between these processes in early infancy, investigating whether 3-month-old…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Infants, Recognition (Psychology), Child Development
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Brunet, Paul M.; Mondloch, Catherine J.; Schmidt, Louis A. – Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 2010
Temperamental shyness in children is characterized by avoidance of faces and eye contact, beginning in infancy. We conducted two studies to determine whether temperamental shyness was associated with deficits in sensitivity to some cues to facial identity. In Study 1, 40 typically developing 10-year-old children made same/different judgments about…
Descriptors: Shyness, Cues, Nonverbal Communication, Personality Traits
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Ge, Liezhong; Anzures, Gizelle; Wang, Zhe; Kelly, David J.; Pascalis, Olivier; Quinn, Paul C.; Slater, Alan M.; Yang, Zhiliang; Lee, Kang – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2008
Children's recognition of familiar own-age peers was investigated. Chinese children (4-, 8-, and 14-year-olds) were asked to identify their classmates from photographs showing the entire face, the internal facial features only, the external facial features only, or the eyes, nose, or mouth only. Participants from all age groups were familiar with…
Descriptors: Children, Recognition (Psychology), Familiarity, Retention (Psychology)
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Gaspar, Augusta; Esteves, Francisco G. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2012
Prototypical facial expressions of emotion, also known as universal facial expressions, are the underpinnings of most research concerning recognition of emotions in both adults and children. Data on natural occurrences of these prototypes in natural emotional contexts are rare and difficult to obtain in adults. By recording naturalistic…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Preschool Children, Young Children, Kindergarten
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