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Showing 16 to 30 of 284 results Save | Export
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Taheri, Hamideh; Sadighi, Firooz; Bagheri, Mohammad Sadegh; Bavali, Mohammad – Cogent Education, 2019
The purpose of this study is threefold: firstly, to explore the relationship between EFL learners' cognitive intelligence, emotional intelligence, and language learning achievement, secondly, to find out the relationship between EFL learners' language learning styles and strategies and their L2 achievement, and thirdly, to uncover the relationship…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), Intelligence
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Ujma, Péter P.; Sándor, Piroska; Szakadát, Sára; Gombos, Ferenc; Bódizs, Róbert – Developmental Psychology, 2016
Sleep spindles act as a powerful marker of individual differences in cognitive ability. Sleep spindle parameters correlate with both age-related changes in cognitive abilities and with the age-independent concept of IQ. While some studies have specifically demonstrated the relationship between sleep spindles and intelligence in young children, our…
Descriptors: Sleep, Cognitive Ability, Age Differences, Intelligence Quotient
Rani, M. Usha; Prakash, Srinivasan – Journal on Educational Psychology, 2015
Intelligence involves the ability to think, solve problems, analyze situations, and understand social values, customs, and norms. Intelligence is a general mental capability that involves the ability to reason, plan, think abstractly, comprehend ideas and language, and learn. Intellectual ability involves comprehension, understanding, and learning…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Intelligence Differences, High School Students, Intellectual Disciplines
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Karwowski, Maciej; Gralewski, Jacek – Thinking Skills and Creativity, 2013
The threshold hypothesis (TH) assumes the existence of complex relations between creative abilities and intelligence: linear associations below 120 points of IQ and weaker or lack of associations above the threshold. However, diverse results have been obtained over the last six decades--some confirmed the hypothesis and some rejected it. In this…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Item Response Theory, Creativity, Creative Thinking
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Suvarna, V. D.; Ganesha Bhata, H. S. – Research in Pedagogy, 2016
This study is concerned with the Academic Achievement and Personality of 300 students of secondary schools of Mandya city. The Raven's Standard Progress Matrices was used to obtain the Academic Scores and Eysenk Personality Inventory was used to collect data regarding their Personality. Result reflects that there is negligible positive…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Academic Achievement, Personality, Foreign Countries
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Van der Elst, Wim; Ouwehand, Carolijn; van Rijn, Peter; Lee, Nikki; Van Boxtel, Martin; Jolles, Jelle – Assessment, 2013
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of a shortened version of the Raven Standard Progressive Matrices (SPM) under an item response theory framework (the one- and two-parameter logistic models). The shortened Raven SPM was administered to N = 453 cognitively healthy adults aged between 24 and 83 years. The…
Descriptors: Intelligence Tests, Item Response Theory, Psychometrics, Adults
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Madison, Guy; Forsman, Lea; Blom, Orjan; Karabanov, Anke; Ullen, Fredrik – Intelligence, 2009
Psychometric intelligence correlates with reaction time in elementary cognitive tasks, as well as with performance in time discrimination and judgment tasks. It has remained unclear, however, to what extent these correlations are due to top-down mechanisms, such as attention, and bottom-up mechanisms, i.e. basic neural properties that influence…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Intervals, Reaction Time, Psychometrics
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Nader, Anne-Marie; Courchesne, Valérie; Dawson, Michelle; Soulières, Isabelle – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) is widely used to estimate autistic intelligence (Joseph in The neuropsychology of autism. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2011; Goldstein et al. in "Assessment of autism spectrum disorders." Guilford Press, New York, 2008; Mottron in "J Autism Dev Disord" 34(1):19-27, 2004).…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comparative Analysis
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Hayashi, Mika; Kato, Motoichiro; Igarashi, Kazue; Kashima, Haruo – Brain and Cognition, 2008
Asperger's disorder is one of autistic spectrum disorders; sharing clinical features with autism, but without developmental delay in language acquisition. There have been some studies of intellectual functioning in autism so far, but very few in Asperger's disorder. In the present study, we investigated abstract reasoning ability, whose form of…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Asperger Syndrome, Abstract Reasoning, Thinking Skills
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Habets, Petra; Jeandarme, Inge; Uzieblo, Kasia; Oei, Karel; Bogaerts, Stefan – Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 2015
Background: A stable assessment of cognition is of paramount importance for forensic psychiatric patients (FPP). The purpose of this study was to compare repeated measures of IQ scores in FPPs with and without intellectual disability. Methods: Repeated measurements of IQ scores in FPPs (n = 176) were collected. Differences between tests were…
Descriptors: Mental Retardation, Cognitive Ability, Intelligence, Intelligence Tests
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Flynn, James R.; Rossi-Case, Lilia – Intelligence, 2012
The literature on IQ gains in Latin America is sparse. We estimate gains on Raven's Progressive Matrices in the city of La Plata (Argentina) between 1964 and 1998. The gains are robust at the top of the curve as well as at the bottom. Therefore, they are contrary to the hypothesis that nutrition played a major role in recent Argentine IQ gains.…
Descriptors: Intelligence Quotient, Nutrition, Change, Test Norms
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Vakil, Eli; Lifshitz-Zehavi, Hefziba – Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2012
Raven matrices are used for assessing fluid intelligence and the intellectual level of groups with low intelligence. Our study addresses qualitative analysis of information processing in Raven matrices performance among individuals with intellectual disability with that of their typically developed (TD) counterparts. Twenty-three adults with…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Down Syndrome, Mental Retardation, Cognitive Processes
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Kaufman, Alan S. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2010
Flynn wrote a book devoted to the Flynn effect, featuring his theoretical explanation of why the intelligence of worldwide populations has apparently increased from generation to generation. The essence of his theorizing is that because of the societal impact of scientific technology, people of today are much more guided by abstract, rather than…
Descriptors: Intelligence Tests, Age Differences, Change, Test Norms
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Pishghadam, Reza; Khajavy, Gholam Hassan – Learning and Individual Differences, 2013
This study examined the role of metacognition and intelligence in foreign language achievement on a sample of 143 Iranian English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners. Participants completed Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices as a measure of intelligence, and Metacognitive Awareness Inventory as a measure of metacognition. Learners' scores at…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Foreign Countries, Second Language Learning, Metacognition
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Kyttala, Minna; Lehto, Juhani E. – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2008
Passive and active visuospatial working memory (VSWM) were investigated in relation to maths performance. The mental rotation task was employed as a measure of active VSWM whereas passive VSWM was investigated using a modified Corsi Blocks task and a matrix pattern task. The Raven Progressive Matrices Test measured fluid intelligence. A total of…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Mental Computation, Memory, Word Problems (Mathematics)
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