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Hurst, Michelle; Cordes, Sara – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Rational number understanding is a critical building block for success in more advanced mathematics; however, how rational number magnitudes are conceptualized is not fully understood. In the current study, we used a dual-task working memory (WM) interference paradigm to investigate the dominant type of strategy (i.e., requiring verbal WM…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Learning Strategies, Mathematics Skills, Number Concepts
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Meng, Rui; Matthews, Percival G.; Toomarian, Elizabeth Y. – Cognitive Science, 2019
Recent research in numerical cognition has begun to systematically detail the ability of humans and nonhuman animals to perceive the magnitudes of nonsymbolic ratios. These relationally defined analogs to rational numbers offer new potential insights into the nature of human numerical processing. However, research into their similarities with and…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Reaction Time, Mathematical Concepts, Numbers
Sokolova, Elena; Burmistrova, Anna – Online Submission, 2012
In the context of globalization, the research of innovative teaching methods and techniques becomes relevant. The traditional teaching approach where the training of practice material is preceded by rule-presentation (explanation + mechanical form-oriented practice) does not meet the requirements of constantly developing rational language…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Measurement, Instructional Effectiveness
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Le Mens, Gael; Denrell, Jerker – Psychological Review, 2011
Recent research has argued that several well-known judgment biases may be due to biases in the available information sample rather than to biased information processing. Most of these sample-based explanations assume that decision makers are "naive": They are not aware of the biases in the available information sample and do not correct for them.…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Sampling, Information Processing, Research
Morgan, Emily Ida Popper – ProQuest LLC, 2016
The ability to generate novel utterances compositionally using generative knowledge is a hallmark property of human language. At the same time, languages contain non-compositional or idiosyncratic items, such as irregular verbs, idioms, etc. This dissertation asks how and why language achieves a balance between these two systems--generative and…
Descriptors: Generative Grammar, Phonology, Semantics, Diachronic Linguistics
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Patel, Purav; Varma, Sashank – Cognitive Science, 2018
Mathematical cognition research has largely emphasized concepts that can be directly perceived or grounded in visuospatial referents. These include concrete number systems like natural numbers, integers, and rational numbers. Here, we investigate how a more abstract number system, the irrationals denoted by radical expressions like the square root…
Descriptors: Numbers, Mathematics Instruction, Number Concepts, Mathematical Formulas
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Cerni, Tom; Curtis, Guy J.; Colmar, Susan H. – Journal of School Leadership, 2014
Research has shown that school principals who display transformational leadership are likely to influence organizational commitment and job satisfaction (Koh, 1990), and this in turn is thought to influence student learning outcomes. Based on a sample of experienced educational leaders (n = 88), this study examined if transformational leadership…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Cognitive Processes, Principals, Transformational Leadership
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Klaczynski, Paul A.; Fauth, James M.; Swanger, Amy – Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 1998
The extent to which adolescents rely on rational versus experiential information processing was studied with 49 adolescents administered multiple measures of formal operations, two critical thinking questionnaires, a measure of rational processing, and a measure of ego identity status. Implications for studies of development are discussed in terms…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Child Development, Cognitive Processes, Critical Thinking
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Hoemann, Katie; Xu, Fei; Barrett, Lisa Feldman – Developmental Psychology, 2019
In this article, we integrate two constructionist approaches--the theory of constructed emotion and rational constructivism--to introduce several novel hypotheses for understanding emotional development. We first discuss the hypothesis that emotion categories are abstract and conceptual, whose instances share a goal-based function in a particular…
Descriptors: Emotional Development, Child Development, Psychological Patterns, Vocabulary
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Seethaler, Pamela M.; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Star, Jon R.; Bryant, Joan – Learning and Individual Differences, 2011
The purpose of the present study was to explore the 3rd-grade cognitive predictors of 5th-grade computational skill with rational numbers and how those are similar to and different from the cognitive predictors of whole-number computational skill. Students (n=688) were assessed on incoming whole-number calculation skill, language, nonverbal…
Descriptors: Numbers, Short Term Memory, Concept Formation, Grade 5
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Bossé, Michael J.; Bayaga, Anass; Fountain, Catherine; Young, Erica Slate – International Journal for Mathematics Teaching and Learning, 2019
This study investigates representational code-switching (RCS) by considering three high school students' communications in the process of comparing and contrasting pairs of representations (e.g., equation and graph) in the context of rational functions. Supporting this study is research in the realms of students interacting with mathematical…
Descriptors: Code Switching (Language), Mathematics Instruction, Mathematical Concepts, Concept Formation
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Jaeger, T. Florian; Snider, Neal E. – Cognition, 2013
Speakers show a remarkable tendency to align their productions with their interlocutors'. Focusing on sentence production, we investigate the cognitive systems underlying such alignment (syntactic priming). Our guiding hypothesis is that syntactic priming is a consequence of a language processing system that is organized to achieve efficient…
Descriptors: Syntax, Priming, Hypothesis Testing, Sentences
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Roettger, Timo B.; Franke, Michael – Cognitive Science, 2019
Intonation plays an integral role in comprehending spoken language. Listeners can rapidly integrate intonational information to predictively map a given pitch accent onto the speaker's likely referential intentions. We use mouse tracking to investigate two questions: (a) how listeners draw predictive inferences based on information from…
Descriptors: Cues, Intonation, Language Processing, Speech Communication
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Shirinbakhsh, Salva; Rasekh, Abbass Eslami; Tavakoli, Mansoor – Language Learning Journal, 2018
Recent findings in the field of pragmatics have revealed that pragmatic accuracy (knowledge) and pragmatic speed (processing ability) function as two distinct and non-parallel components of pragmatic competence. Anderson's adaptive control of thought--rational (ACT-R) model, which emphasises the development of skill through repeated practice,…
Descriptors: Pragmatics, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Ellis, Nick C. – Applied Linguistics, 2006
This paper considers how fluent language users are rational in their language processing, their unconscious language representation systems optimally prepared for comprehension and production, how language learners are intuitive statisticians, and how acquisition can be understood as contingency learning. But there are important aspects of second…
Descriptors: Cues, Associative Learning, Language Acquisition, Attention
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