ERIC Number: EJ751376
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Seligman, Martin E. P.; Rashid, Tayyab; Parks, Acacia C.
American Psychologist, v61 n8 p774-788 Nov 2006
Positive psychotherapy (PPT) contrasts with standard interventions for depression by increasing positive emotion, engagement, and meaning rather than directly targeting depressive symptoms. The authors have tested the effects of these interventions in a variety of settings. In informal student and clinical settings, people not uncommonly reported them to be "life-changing." Delivered on the Web, positive psychology exercises relieved depressive symptoms for at least 6 months compared with placebo interventions, the effects of which lasted less than a week. In severe depression, the effects of these Web exercises were particularly striking. This address reports two preliminary studies: In the first, PPT delivered to groups significantly decreased levels of mild-to-moderate depression through 1-year follow-up. In the second, PPT delivered to individuals produced higher remission rates than did treatment as usual and treatment as usual plus medication among outpatients with major depressive disorder. Together, these studies suggest that treatments for depression may usefully be supplemented by exercises that explicitly increase positive emotion, engagement, and meaning.
Descriptors: Psychotherapy, Internet, Depression (Psychology), Positive Reinforcement, Emotional Response, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Counseling Techniques, Intervention, Computer Assisted Instruction, Program Effectiveness, Outcomes of Treatment
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.apa.org/publications
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A