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ERIC Number: ED514673
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 124
Abstractor: As Provided
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1097-2169-0
Racial and Ethnic Minority Graduate Student Experiences with Racial Microaggressions in CACREP-Accredited Programs
Michael-Makri, Stella
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, Texas A&M University - Commerce
Scholars have suggested that racism has not disappeared but has undergone a transformation into new subtle or symbolic forms. Since university life is a microcosm of United States society. racial prejudice can be found in most colleges and universities. The literature reveals three subtle forms of racism: modern racism, symbolic racism, and aversive racism. From the subtle and contemporary form of racism, the term "racial microaggressions" emerged. The purpose of this study is to examine the experiences of racial microaggressions among racial and ethnic minority master's and doctoral-level students in CACREP-accredited counseling programs in predominantly White institutions. This study is based on a national random sample of racial and ethnic minority graduate students from CACREP-accredited programs in the United States. The Daily Life Experiences scale was distributed to the participants through the CACREP liaison in each program. A sample size of 187 racial and ethnic minority graduate students was utilized. Exploratory data analysis was used to answer the research questions, utilizing analyses of variances, as well as t -test and descriptive statistics the results indicate that racial and ethnic minority students do experience a moderate level of racial microaggressions. However, there was no statistically significant difference between the variables examined, suggesting such bias may not be experienced at differing extents among the various ethnic groups. The results of this study provide insight into the current state of affairs in counseling programs from the perspective of racial and ethnic minority students. Further research could include more variables to investigate the experiences of racial and ethnic minority graduate students with racial microaggressions; a mixed-methods analysis could provide more in-depth results about students' experiences; and finally an instrument designed specifically to assess the experiences of racial microaggressions and its three forms could be developed. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States