ERIC Number: EJ1062443
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Leaving Home State for College: Differences by Race/Ethnicity and Parental Education
Niu, Sunny X.
Research in Higher Education, v56 n4 p325-359 Jun 2015
Using the College Board SAT registration and questionnaire data of 2010 high school graduating seniors, we found clear patterns by race/ethnicity and parental education on two outcomes: out-of-state score-sending and out-of-state college attendance. White students had the highest rates and Hispanic students had the lowest rates, and there was a clear gradient by parental education with the students with college-educated parents having the highest rates of out-of-state score sending and college attendance. Substantial differences by race/ethnicity and parental education still persist after considering students' family income, academic preparation, high school characteristics and state of residence. State-specific estimates show that Hispanic and Asian students' low likelihood of out-of-state college-going based on all SAT takers are largely driven by students' choices in a few states where they are highly concentrated or their presence are substantial. In contrast, the concentration of Black students and presence of HBCUs in a state seem irrelevant to whether Black students stay or leave home states for college. It seems that high performing Black and Hispanic students and those with parents lacking a Bachelor's degree gained much in their access to a private and selective college by leaving their home states.
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, High School Seniors, Racial Differences, Ethnic Groups, Parent Background, Educational Attainment, College Attendance, Geographic Location, Out of State Students, College Applicants, Family Income, College Preparation, Institutional Characteristics, Place of Residence, Hispanic American Students, White Students, Asian American Students, African American Students, Black Colleges, Probability, Access to Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: SAT (College Admission Test)